Nine architects without architectural degrees have influenced the whole modern architecture

In his early years in vocational school, as a bricklayer apprentice, Smith worked for many architects in Aachen to draw architectural decoration sketches, which was a task that helped to improve his painting skills.

Soon, a report was sent to Harvard, saying that I was a good boy and a capable person.

In June 1875, Sullivan returned to Chicago.

Outside college, I work hard.

Wing Nut Tie Rod

So again, I cut school, spent all my pocket money for a year, and then was fired again..

However, he has always been skeptical of orthodox education, which was proved in his 1955 observation report: “of course, education is always based on what it is.

At the age of 15, he enrolled in the É coledes arts D é coratifs, France.

After working as a draftsman in several companies, he cooperated with dankmar Adler in 1879.

From 1907 to 1911, at the suggestion of his teacher, the young Corbusier traveled all over Europe, went to Athens, Venice, Vienna and Munich, and worked as an apprentice in several architectural firms: he studied with Auguste Perret in Paris in 1907; He studied with Josef Hoffmann in Vienna in 1908; He studied with Peter Behrens in Berlin from 1910 to 1911.

While working under his guidance, Wright got an opportunity and applied for a job at Adler & Sullivan.

The four-year cooperation between Mies and Berens gave Mies the opportunity to establish contact with like-minded artists and craftsmen.

He said: “my father died when I was very young.

This time, he only read for one year and took short trips to Florence and Rome at the same time.

Although his long career is full of scandals and tragedies, Wright’s contribution to American architecture and popularity by mainstream groups are still unprecedented.

At the age of 19, he apprenticed to Bruno Paul, the most famous furniture designer at that time.

I panicked about the disintegration of Harvard in the ideal world, so I began to indulge, cut class, and then was expelled.

silsbee to gain practical work experience.

Here, Louis Sullivan provided an architectural theoretical basis for Wright to establish his career in 1893.

He has never graduated.

But I soon realized that unless I was very rich or had a father who took care of me, I could not join the academic association, because most of the seats had already been pre arranged by the Graduate Committee.

Not having an architecture degree doesn’t mean you can’t design amazing buildings.

However, I was considered a social heresy at that time.

At the same time, he wrote a lot of architectural theory and philosophy, and agreed with Wright’s contempt for formal education.

The education we seek cannot and will not be a prophecy.

In the 14 years of cooperation with Adler, he has created more than 100 buildings with a sense of modern and luxurious decorative design.

This opened his six-year apprenticeship in this famous company.

I really should go back to college, so Harvard let me come back.

In the summer of 1874, Sullivan studied at the influential Versailles Beaux Arts in Paris.

After only a year of civil engineering, combined with his family situation and his disappointment with the “trampling” education system, Wright dropped out of the University of Wisconsin Madison in 1887.

Although my family is relatively poor, I still came to Harvard University from a preparatory school attended by many rich children.

He pointed out in 1894: “education often means repression in practice, which seems strange: it is not to guide the openness of thought, but to gather the things in it, making it dark and tired.” No.3 Le Corbusier ▲ Savoy villa, a Swiss architect and urban planner, has always inherited his father’s enamel and carving career.

But a year later, he left school and began two short apprenticeship experiences: the first time in Philadelphia, he studied with architect Frank Furness, and the second time, he studied with architectural engineer William LeBaron jenney, an outstanding figure in the development of Chicago architectural school.

Buckminster Fuller ▲ Montreal ecosphere Fuller is recognized as one of the greatest people of our time.

He then moved to Chicago as an assistant to architect J.

At that time, I didn’t realize that the social class in Harvard was deep-rooted and even divided into different levels of citizens.

Three years later, his art history teacher Charles l’eplatenier suggested that he study architecture and helped him start his first practice of local projects.

No.1 Frank Lloyd Wright ▲ flowing water villa, who was called “the greatest American architect in history” by the American Institute of architects in 1991, although his alma mater awarded him an honorary doctor of Fine Arts in his eighties, it’s funny that he didn’t have an architecture degree.

The man who proposed the architectural philosophy of “form always follows function” graduated from high school at the age of 16 in 1872 and was admitted to MIT, which was the only architectural school in the United States at that time.


After leaving behrence’s office in 1912, Smith became himself and successfully took over the design privilege of the private houses of the upper elites in Berlin.

Corbusier returned to his hometown in 1912, taught with his teachers, started his architectural practice career, and went to Paris at the end of 1917.

He described his situation in detail in a speech in 1961.

Smith went to Berlin in 1905.

He has a close relationship with formal education.

Among the nine famous architects on this list, some were boxers, some were expelled from Harvard, some were apprentices of bricklayers and joiners, some despised formal education, but none had a degree in architecture.

These nine architects show us their experience of setting aside conventions and embarking on the road of building fame.

The man who made the grid top popular all over the world has been expelled from Harvard more than once, but twice.

No.4 miesvander Rohe ▲ the man who adheres to the architectural philosophy of “less is more” was born in Aachen, Germany, an ordinary Mason, which means that he has little chance to receive formal education.

Berens advocated “the marriage of art and technology”.

The first independent project, Alois Riehl residence, completed in 1907, gave Smith the opportunity to work in Peter Behrens.

Education shows you what you have, and then lets you deduce the possible content.

” No.2 Louis Sullivan ▲ Sullivan of Wainwright building (Wright honored Sullivan as liebermeister, German, with respect to “dearmaster”), has received short-term and diversified formal education.


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