[architecture can be read] the “green house” on Tongren Road was the architectural enlightenment of I.M. Pei’s childhood

Cars can drive in and out from two doors, and there is a wide garage.

1418, Nanjing West Road, formerly the residence of overseas Chinese in Shanghai.

There is a spacious living terrace facing south, covering an area of more than 70 square meters.

It is a perfect work in Hudec’s design career.

On the day when the “green house” was completed, Hudec patted Wu Tongwen: “I can assure you that even after another 50 years, the modern sense of the house is still ahead of schedule.

In 1932, Wu Tongwen became rich because of developing military green pigments, so he regarded green as a lucky color.

Every detail hides the designer’s mind.

The building itself, No.

The building’s green glazed brick exterior wall, arc-shaped large copper windows and long copper railings on the large platform are like a large ship moored in the harbor.

It is known as the “green house” because of its unique green facade.

The names of the two roads just contained the word “Tongwen”.

The two buildings have basically the same architectural style and similar indoor pattern.

The front of the main building covers an area of 1367m ² The large lawn, surrounded by Holly and other trees, is spacious and magnificent, which sets off the main building.

Pei’s childhood…

After the repair of the ground floor lobby and arc-shaped main stairs, in order to protect the original overall environment of the building, this repair expands the garden greening area as much as possible under the existing conditions, restores the original shape of the building, demolishes the later construction, and focuses on the repair of the characteristic parts of the building, such as glazed tiles on the outer wall, steel doors and windows.

On the ground floor are the gatehouse, flower house, billiard room and hall, with a street building road in the middle; The second floor is the cloakroom, dining room, sunlight room, study and servant room; The third floor is the master’s living room, dining room, bedroom, dressing room and nanny room; The fourth floor is the children’s living room, bedroom and children’s game room.

In addition to replacing the lamps, other styles remain the same.

When completed, it can be called one of the most luxurious houses in Shanghai.

By strengthening the original structure, the service life of the building is extended, and fire fighting, air conditioning and other equipment and facilities are added to improve the safety, space quality and comfort of the building.

The owner can enjoy the comfort of nature and the scenery of the garden indoors.

The “hull” facade composed of beautiful “ship string” arc and straight line is simple and dynamic.

Wu Tongwen, the owner of the architectural story “green house”, whose father deals in pigment and has business relations with pigment giant Bei Runsheng.

Leighton Stuart, then president of Yanjing University, visited the door and had dinner at the duck egg shaped marble table on the second floor at the invitation of Wu Tongwen.

The residential address of Guo Le and Guo Shun at the clock in points around: No.

Even his private car was green, which was known as the “green boss”.

At the west end of the outer side of the terrace, there is a wide and elegant outdoor spiral ladder, from which the second floor can directly go to the garden.

  Punch in the antique elevator   Today, when you enter the “green house”, a 4-story and 4-station antique elevator is still in normal operation.

The terraces on each floor are stacked layer by layer, facing the garden and organically combined with the natural space to form the unity of indoor and outdoor space.

The third floor is the master bedroom.

  There is a sunshine room in the master bedroom on each floor of the sunshine room.

A row of long floor windows are installed in front of the hall to integrate the outdoor terrace with the outside garden and have a panoramic view of the beautiful scenery.

Different from the square modern elevator shape, the elevator car is elegant lotus leaf shape, and the car hall door is arc connected, which is unique and rare.

The upper part is the terrace of the children’s bedroom.

Even in today’s era, its architectural decoration is still novel and unique.

The features and difficulties of this protection and repair include the protection and repair of customized elevators and other original objects, as well as the green face brick of the external facade, indoor and outdoor steel windows, indoor yellow cave stone wall, ground red cylinder brick, handrails of stair marble and copper railings, sound insulation and thermal insulation cork layer of the top surface and floor roof, terrazzo window sill Protection, repair and renewal of characteristic decorative materials such as long and narrow wood floor, stone skirting board, ceramic tile skirting board, mosaic floor, interior wall oily coating, wood parapet and so on.

The Bei family gave Wu Tongwen the land at the corner of aiwenyi Road (now Beijing West Road) and Hatong Road (now Tongren Road).

This modern residence is also the first private residence in Shanghai to install small elevators.

Indoor and outdoor, upstairs and downstairs, all blend together.

Because the hostess believes in Buddhism, in this building with a completely western modernist appearance, there is actually a genuine traditional Chinese Buddhist hall with a table, a god seat, a caisson and so on.

In 1927, Wu Tongwen married Miss Bei Jiajiu.

After the repair, it reproduces the key indoor spaces such as the original lobby and arc main stairs, the middle lane and the South suite.

Streamlined marble stairs imported from Italy, cast copper handrails, stair guardrails made of glass veneer, and copper radiators embedded in the facade of the inner wall.

The living room, dining room and other rooms on the second floor of the building are retracted inward.

333, Tongren Road, formerly the residence of Wu Tongwen, the “paint king”, is the “work of closing the mountain” designed by the legendary architect Hudec in Shanghai.

It is a building that Leighton Stuart specially visited from Beijing for a glimpse of the truth, the “first mansion in the Far East” that could not be exchanged for a 10000 ton cruise ship and 500000 US dollars in cash, or the architectural enlightenment of I.M.

Even after another 100 years, I believe it will not be out of date! She should be among the classics.” in order to ensure the uniqueness of the “green house” design, Wu Tongwen even bought out the design drawings, Locked in the safe.

It is now the Foreign Affairs Office of Shanghai Municipal People’s government and the office building of Shanghai Association for friendship with foreign countries..

In 2014, the carefully repaired “green house” was put into use as the “planner’s home” of Shanghai Planning and Design Research Institute, integrating the functions of foreign exchange and exhibition, project team office and so on.

The old Shanghainese used to call the whole building a “green house” because the outer wall of the building was pasted with green glazed tiles.

The building retracts inward again and gives way to a terrace with an area of about 40 square meters.


The building imitates the architectural style of the French Renaissance, with three floors of brick concrete structure, covering an area of 4361 square meters.

In 1994, the whole building was announced as an excellent building protection unit in modern times in Shanghai.

Guo Le (1874-1956), Guo Shun (1885-1979), industrialist and founder of Yong’an company.

The top terrace is divided into half indoor and half outdoor space by a semi-circular canopy.

Ringlock Standard

The famous Hungarian architect Hudec expressed the streamline lines very smoothly and had a strong sense of modernity in the design of Wu Tongwen’s residence.

  This building has a unique pattern, exquisite decoration and advanced equipment.

In particular, the sunshine room on the top floor of the fourth floor uses 12 light green imported embossed glass to emphasize daylighting and soften the hot sun, which perfectly interprets the design concept of the sunshine room.

  The indoor facilities of the whole building are luxurious, the ground floor hall is equipped with spring floor and glass ceiling for dancing, the stairway corridor is built of marble, and the coal bathroom is equipped with complete cooling and heating devices.

The historical photo of the south facade is to see this ultra modern first luxury house in the Far East.

In 1938, Wu Tongwen built his own house on the land given by his father-in-law, requiring designer Hudec to adopt green as the main color of the building, thus achieving the famous “green house” today.

The main building is arranged from north to south.

333 Tongren Road, is a four storey reinforced concrete garden house with a construction area of about 1689 square meters, which was completed in July 1938.

The building is located in the north of the homestead, surrounded by walls, close to Beijing West Road, leaving a large garden in the south of the house.

The elevator area is only about half a square meter, and it is limited to 3 people at a time; The elevator is also equipped with a mirror for passengers to tidy up their clothes in a short time.


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