Where will rugged architecture go?

This rugged building in the 1960s has undergone a comprehensive HVAC transformation and is in line with contemporary fire codes.

On the premise of retaining the original design to a great extent, this renewal scheme has transformed the internal layout, replaced the windows, and redesigned some architectural details.

It is a classic work of rough architecture and is used as the scientific research office building of the pharmaceutical company.

They are often in a dilemma in the task of violating energy regulations and building protection.

Robin Hood garden, a residential building, was designed by Alison and Peter Smithson, a British leader in Brutalism.

♻️ Renovated: balfran building by architect Erno Goldfinger ő Balfron tower designed by Goldfinger is a 26 storey apartment building located in bopler District in East London.

The building was sold in 2010 and partially demolished in 2014 after economic weighing by new buyers; In January 2021, all buildings were demolished.

The inclined elements run through the indoor and outdoor, with a great sense of future.

It takes “street in the sky” as its main design concept and follows Corbusier’s residential ideas.

In many cases, building policies, regulations and financial conditions do not support the renewal and transformation of buildings, which makes demolition a more common choice.

The building structure is composed of trapezoidal steel frame with columns inclined at 22.5 degrees.

While faithfully retaining the vulgar aesthetic characteristics of the apartment building, the reconstruction has introduced many new architectural technologies and greatly improved the living conditions.

After the reconstruction, the building will be transformed into a high-end apartment building.

At that time, Paul Rudolph Heritage Foundation pointed out that the demolition measures did not take into account the environmental impact, but should adopt adaptive reuse.

Because an important defect of the post-war concrete building lies in the cold bridge effect, in this project, the architect covered the interior of the building with new floors and walls, which not only retained the facade of the original building, but also prevented the occurrence of condensate.

© Flickr user Steve Cadman © Flickr   user   stevecadman © JoeGilbert © Joegilbert twitter user @ saverobbinhood ⛔ ️   Demolished: Burroughs Wellcome building is located in Burroughs Wellcome building, North Carolina, USA.

It was completed in 1961.

The situation faced by the rugged buildings listed in the table is even more complex.

When it comes to what types of interventions are acceptable, the communities related to building protection are divided into different factions, which inadvertently limits the more possibilities of current adaptive reuse methods.

Earlier this year, Paul Rudolph’s Burroughs Wellcome building in North Carolina was demolished, despite many efforts to preserve the rugged landmark.

How to treat this kind of architectural heritage is a very contradictory thing.

“Rough demolition wastes a lot of things – waste of energy, waste of materials, waste of history,” Pritzker Prize winner Anne lacaton once said.

In recent years, with the construction industry paying more and more attention to the problems of resource consumption and carbon emission, the topics of renewal and adaptive reuse are also common in the speeches related to construction.

This ambitious inner city development project is the result of the first batch of completed post World War II slum clearance plan in Britain..

After the opposition from all sectors of society was invalid, Robin Hood garden began to be demolished in 2017.

The technical challenges encountered in the reuse of modernist buildings are reflected in the balfron tower renovation project presided over by studioegretwest.

This project is a typical case of large-scale renovation.

© JosephW.Molitor ©   G.E.KidderSmith © PJMcDonnell © Paul Rudolph Heritage Foundation ©   Paul Rudolph Heritage Foundation technical challenges   The renovation and adaptive reuse of rugged buildings are not without challenges.

Its purpose is to build a government-owned social welfare house for bopler in East London.

Through the reuse of the original space, it can not only save resources, but also prolong the service life of building components that need to emit a lot of carbon dioxide in the construction process.

In 2011, the first phase of reconstruction began.

⛔ ️   Demolished: Robin Hood garden was built in 1972.

It was designed by Paul Rudolph, an outstanding American architect and built in 1972.

In addition, the process of adaptive reuse usually consumes more people, material and financial resources than demolition and reconstruction, because it requires in-depth investigation of the current situation of buildings and local demolition and reconstruction.

It is located in a welfare housing.

Driven by the contemporary environment, they are expected to become fertile experimental fields for renewal and reuse.

The following focuses on the challenges and opportunities in the process of post-war building renewal and adaptive reuse, and emphasizes how these strategies play an important role in solving the climate crisis and achieving the goal of zero emission, and bring new vitality to the existing space.

Before transformation, instagrams users  @ architecturephotowalks © StudioEgretWest © StudioEgretWest © StudioEgretWest ©   StudioEgretWest ♻️ Renovated: Parkhill apartment is located in the Parkhill apartment complex in Sheffield, UK.

The demolition of Robin Hood garden and the renovation of Parkhill apartment are vivid examples.

In 2012, a proposal for renewal and reconstruction of the area was passed.

It was built in 1968 and was listed in the secondary list of historic buildings in 1996.

It not only prolongs the life cycle of the building, but also greatly reduces the carbon emission in the whole life cycle of the building on the premise of maintaining the original aesthetic characteristics.

But over the next few decades, the house was known for its structural problems and the serious crime caused by its design.

Concrete buildings in the second half of the 20th century are often ignored and demolished at will.

Crown Foot Anchor

Boston City Hall ©   Utileandreedhilderbrandkb building / hofmandujardin + schipperbosch   ©   Matthijsvan roon’s contradictory situation, although the adaptive reuse of industrial sites has been very common and attracted a large number of cultural and creative companies and institutions, it is not so for rough architecture.

Since the carbon emission in the construction process can account for half of the whole life cycle of the building, the transformation, renewal and adaptive reuse of the remaining buildings need to pay special attention to the strategies to reduce carbon emission.

However, there is still a lack of unified opinions on the reconstruction and renewal of relic buildings in the industry, especially for the brutalist architectural heritage.

Therefore, the latter is particularly important in the renewal and transformation of rugged buildings and concrete structures with huge carbon emissions in the construction process.


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