[memory] architecture can be read: Xujiahui, an old building, records the Centennial temperature of Shanghai

Do you know? As early as the summer of 1879, the first typhoon warning in Chinese history was born in Xujiahui, an ancient and simple building surrounded by green shade.

This is his outstanding contribution to Chinese astronomy and meteorology.

Here, you can have a panoramic view of the history of meteorological development from 1872 to 2020.

In the process of repairing the fair faced brick wall of the North facade, the stone like cement coating covering it in the later overhaul was stripped off, and the fair faced brick wall of the tower in the middle of the North facade was seen again.

What are the architectural stories of wind tower hoisting? The Xujiahui Observatory is the first century climate station awarded to China by the World Meteorological Organization.

Since 2016, the former site of Xujiahui Observatory reconstructed into Shanghai Meteorological Museum, as part of xujiahuiyuan scenic spot, is open to tourists free of charge within a limited time.

Therefore, this century old building has finally restored its ancient and simple style of a century ago.

Tower clock repair this repair retains the traces of historical transformation based on functional requirements and the structural components strengthened, replaced and added in the overhaul over the years.

Building opening information address: No.

The construction personnel overcame multiple difficulties, and after careful calculation of structural design, it was determined that the height of the tower was about 18 meters and the net weight was about 11 tons, and then the hoisting was completed in batches.

You can also have close contact with the antique meteorological relics of the 19th century, understand the progress of modern cutting-edge meteorological science and technology, and experience the magic of smart meteorology.

17, Nandan Road, Xuhui District presents the charm of century old Shanghai films, vividly interpreting the filmmakers, film events and the stories behind the films..

It is located on the West Bank of Zhaojiabang, Xujiahui (now No.

Based on the principles of authenticity, reversibility and identifiability, the facade style of the original building has been protected and restored.

“The meteorological observatory is equipped with advanced equipment, ‘where the vertical air flow is close to the wind, storm and other phenomena, nothing is lighter than letting go and not studying’.” In 2005, the Shanghai Municipal People’s government announced that the former site of Xujiahui Observatory was an excellent historical building in Shanghai.

The large space on the East and west sides of the third floor not only presents the wooden roof truss in front of the visitors, but also retains the I-steel beam reinforcement lattice under the roof truss.

Xujiahui Observatory was built in 1873.

  The floor of the main building is also equipped with a big clock, which plays music every minute and rings the bell when necessary to give time to the surrounding residents.

Antique meteorological relics are in the interactive meteorological studio.

Meteorology plays a vital role in ocean shipping.

Compared with the architectural style repair and exhibition arrangement in 1910, after a year of data collection and sorting, the “century old meteorological observatory” began its overall repair and exhibition arrangement in 2014.

Address: Shanghai Film Museum, No.

221 Puxi Road) and built into a five bay bungalow with a two-story platform.

Every detail here is engraved with the traces of years.

The earliest meteorological service was to serve navigation, and the compass was used to measure the position on navigation.

The window frame and under the window are decorated with red bricks.

Some wall bodies are decorated with teeth.

Based on the greatest respect for the historical style of the building, it is finally determined that the repair is compared with the style of 1910.

On the lawn in front of the main building, you can see the international longitude joint commissioning base point and the Chinese gravity acceleration base point.

Tourists can also incarnate as weather forecasters and weather anchors to feel the daily work of real weather broadcasters; Here, you can also wear VR glasses to explore the tranquility in the eyes of the typhoon, feel the “storm” outside and walk into the magical South Pole.

Xu Guangqi has a lot of explanations on “meteorology” in the complete book of agricultural politics.

The international longitude joint adjustment base point, the Chinese gravity acceleration base point and the international longitude joint measurement are an important scientific research activity in the history of Xujiahui observatory.

The 32 azimuth compass of the building clock in point enters the thick gate of the museum from the second floor, and a 32 azimuth compass is embedded on the ground.

In the more than 140 years since its construction in 1872, the meteorological observation records of Shanghai have never been interrupted, and it has become an important observation point.

Wall repair   The fire stairs and various pipelines on the facade have also been standardized in this repair, the big clock face of the tower and the iron tower above the original clock tower have also been restored, and the wooden doors and windows and wooden shutters on the facade reproduce the charm of the past.

In the interactive experience space on the East and west sides of the ground floor, wooden columns, brick columns and concrete columns of different ages and forms can be clearly seen, together with the wooden grid ceiling after the removal of the ceiling, showing the historical changes of the building.

Some window frames are made of red bricks into a corner stone shape, and the platform and outdoor stair railing are in the shape of a treasure bottle.

What are the special functions of this old building? What is its current situation? Today, let’s go into the Shanghai Meteorological Museum (the former site of Xujiahui Observatory) and explore it ↓ the building itself is an old building “over 140 years old”.

Almost all the previous masters who worked at the observatory were accomplished meteorologists in the world at that time, What precious records have they left us?   Continuous meteorological records for a hundred years.

Nowadays, in summer and autumn and other weather changeable seasons, weather warning information is often received in mobile phones, radio and other media to facilitate everyone’s life.

Comparison of brick and wood anemometer tower changed into iron tower anemometer tower this small building exudes Roman architectural style from top to bottom.

Guangqi park is mainly composed of Xu Guangqi tomb and Xu Guangqi Memorial Hall.

The facade is arranged in three sections, with three floors in the middle, the circular arch gate on the ground floor runs through the second floor, and there are rose windows and flat roof open-air balconies on the third floor.

After being determined as the standard timepiece by the International Astronomical Association, Xujiahui Observatory has twice participated in the international longitude joint measurement mission, becoming the reference point of gravity acceleration and one of the three major reference points in the world.

166 Puxi Road, Xuhui District admission: free opening hours: from Tuesday to Sunday, the specific number of sessions shall be subject to the announcement of the appointment period.

Ringlock Scaffolding System Parts

After years of careful repair and maintenance, the former site of Xujiahui Observatory is now transformed into Shanghai Meteorological Museum and opened to the public.

It also makes Shanghai the most complete city in China for the preservation of continuous meteorological observation data.

From 1908 to 1910, due to the bearing problem of the foundation, the brick and wood wind measuring tower higher than the main part was demolished and replaced with a 35 meter high tower, which was demolished in 1963.

Later, with the development of meteorological business, a new building was expanded at 166 Puxi road in 1900, which is the main building of the former site of Xujiahui observatory.

When the building was first built, a wind tower with brick and wood structure was built in the center, with a top height of 40m and a professional wind direction and anemometer.

The wind measuring tower demolished in 1963 is a difficulty in the repair and construction.

The facade adopts gray fair faced brick wall and round arch window.


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