This part can be divided into three parts, the middle part is a figure, and the two ends are pictures composed of animals and plants with auspicious meanings.
2、 The roof decoration expression method, decoration pattern and implication of Nanning East Guangdong Guild Hall (1) The roof decoration of Nanning East Guangdong Guild Hall mainly uses the decorative expression method of sculpture, and its main ridge and vertical ridge are the gray and ceramic sculptures of characters or story plots mainly based on round and semi-relief; The cornice is mainly traditional woodcarving with plant patterns, which is mainly relief.
Ceramic sculpture is the main means of expression of the ridge decoration.
Tiangong, 2022 (27): 65-67.
The roof building is mainly composed of a positive ridge, four vertical ridges on both sides and two roof slopes, and the main structure is brick-wood structure; Its main ridge, vertical ridge and two roof slopes are constructed of brick and stone materials, while the cornice in front of the main door of the roof is made of wood.
The ridge decoration can be divided into two levels and three parts.
The East Guangdong Guild Hall in Nanning was built in 1736.
Different ceramic figures and animals are combined to form a multi-level structure, giving people a strong visual impact, and also reflecting the architectural regional characteristics; The ceramic sculpture round sculpture on the crest end of the front is also unique.
The decorative pattern of the cornice can also be divided into three parts.
The East Guangdong Guild Hall in Nanning has obvious cultural symbol characteristics and unique cultural expression in terms of architectural modeling and decorative elements.
The wood carving for the roof decoration of the East Guangdong Guild Hall in Nanning is mainly concentrated on the decoration of the cornice.
The sign is mainly composed of two immortal characters.
The decorative pattern of the hanging ridge at both ends is divided into two parts, the sign and the decorative pattern of the hanging ridge itself.
Ridge decoration pattern Ridge decoration is the most colorful part of the whole roof decoration, and also the decoration keynote of the whole building.
The “three sculptures” refer to clay sculptures, gray sculptures and pottery sculptures; “Three carving” refers to wood carving, stone carving and brick carving.
（2） The decorative patterns and the decorative patterns of the East Guangdong Guild Hall in Nanning are rich in content and diverse in theme.
The whole cornice is divided into three parts, the middle part is mainly carved with figures, and the two sides are plant patterns, which are combined to form a complete wood carving.
The symmetrical parts on the left and right are mainly the sun flower pattern on the geometric structure.
The decoration of the hanging ridge itself is mainly the grass dragon pattern and some traditional two-dimensional continuous geometric patterns.
Analysis and research on the roof architectural decoration of the East Guangdong Guild Hall in Nanning [J].
The half-solid relief of the happy eyebrows and the pine and crane for a long time, and the bat relief near the middle part, and the longevity peach basket on the opposite corner of the bat.
Other details also have decorative patterns, for example, each tile and drip are decorated with traditional auspicious patterns.
The first level is also the highest level, which is the most solemn and magnificent decoration; The second level is also the decoration of three parts.
The overall implication and the symbolic significance of the decorative patterns on the roof of the East Guangdong Guild Hall in Nanning vividly reflect the regional characteristics of Guangfu and the unique wisdom and aesthetic preferences of Guangfu people.
During the reign of Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty, the original building was divided into three parts: front, middle and back, with passages on both sides There are more than 20 wing rooms and stage, covering an area of more than 8000 square meters; Later, due to complex historical reasons, there are only the front gate and two sides of the ear chambers of the original building.
The wood carving art of the East Guangdong Guild Hall building is one of the most amazing decorative performances.
One of the most distinctive architectural decoration of the East Guangdong Guild Hall is the roof architectural decoration, which is also the keynote of the whole architectural decoration.
The two levels are mainly the upper and lower structures, and the three parts are the left and right structures.
Introduction to the East Guangdong Guild Hall in Nanning.
A variety of exquisite sculptures form a group of exquisite sculptures, which is the unique decoration aesthetic of the East Guangdong Guild Hall and also reflects the cultural spirit and aesthetic taste of the people in the East Guangdong region.
Click the “blue letter” above to follow us! [ Abstract] With the theme of the study on the roof architectural decoration aesthetics of the East Guangdong Guild Hall in Nanning, through collecting the relevant information of the Guild Hall and investigating the on-site buildings, the aesthetic implications of the roof architectural decoration are analyzed, the cultural implications, the decorative artistic conception and aesthetic thoughts of the roof architectural decoration of the East Guangdong Guild Hall in Nanning are analyzed and explained in depth, and finally the aesthetic culture of the decoration of the East Guangdong Guild Hall in Nanning is analyzed Key words] Nanning; East Guangdong Guild Hall; Roof decoration; Aesthetic Conception [Chinese Library Classification No.] TU238 [Document Identification Code] A [Article No.] 2095-7556 (2022) 27-0065-03 Document description format of this article: Wu Hui.
There are also three fish-like sculptures and three-dimensional pomegranate sculptures in the geometric structure of the ridges at both ends of the front.
The two ends are mainly the complete picture composed of flowers and birds, and the middle is the decorative pattern of the story composed of characters.
The roof architectural decoration is mainly concentrated on the front ridge, the vertical ridge and the cornice.
The roof of the East Guangdong Guild Hall in Nanning is a traditional pointed hard mountain top.
The decoration style and cultural connotation of the East Guangdong Guild Hall at that time can also be seen in the roof architectural decoration of the East Guangdong Guild Hall in Nanning.
The roof decoration of the East Guangdong Guild Hall in Nanning is mainly made of ceramic sculpture, gray sculpture and wood carving.
There are more than 40 characters in this part, and their relationship is also complex.
Wood carving is the essence of the “three sculptures”.
The architectural decoration of the East Guangdong Guild Hall is said to be “three sculptures and three sculptures”.
The most prominent and important middle part is to use the traditional Chinese perspective rule – scattered perspective, arranging more than 40 characters to display a grand folk activity.
There are mainly two layers of decorative patterns on the right ridge: the first layer is the double dragons playing with beads at the center of the right ridge and the turtle at both ends, and the second layer is a relatively rich and diverse figure decorative pattern.
The symmetrical ceramic sculpture round figure on the left and right sides adds another layer to the decoration of the roof building.
In the geometric hole, there are lifelike pomegranate and other melon and fruit gray sculptures and bat three-dimensional sculptures.