Specification. Standard: GB 50016-2014 (2018 edition)


Code for Fire Protection Design of Buildings GB 50016-2014 (2018 Edition).

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This specification is based on the notice issued by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Rural Development on the formulation and revision plan (first batch) of the 2007 Engineering Construction Standard Specification (Jianbiao [2007] No. 125) and the letter on adjusting the revision project plan of the “Building Design Fire Protection Code” and “High rise Civil Building Design Fire Protection Code” (Jianbiao [2009] No. 94). The Tianjin Fire Research Institute and Sichuan Fire Research Institute of the Ministry of Public Security, together with relevant units, have integrated and revised the “Building Design Fire Protection Code” GB 50016-2006 and the “High rise Civil Building Design Fire Protection Code” GB 50045-95 (2005 version)..

During the revision process of this standard, we followed the national guidelines and policies on basic construction, implemented the fire protection work policy of “prevention first, combining prevention and fire prevention”, deeply learned from the lessons of major fire accidents in China in recent years, carefully summarized the practical experience of building fire protection design and fire prevention technology achievements at home and abroad, conducted in-depth research on new situations and problems encountered in the development of engineering construction, and encountered difficult problems in the implementation of the standard. We carefully studied and drew on the experience of developed countries, conducted a large number of research topics, technical discussions, and necessary experiments, and extensively solicited opinions from relevant design, production, construction, scientific research, teaching, and fire supervision units. Finally, the draft was reviewed and finalized..

This specification is divided into 12 chapters and 3 appendices, mainly including: classification of fire hazards for production and storage, classification requirements for high-rise public buildings, fire resistance rating classification and fire resistance limit of building components for industrial and civil buildings such as factories, warehouses, residential buildings, and public buildings, basic requirements for fire zoning and separation in plane layout, building fire protection structure, fire separation distance, and fire protection facility setting, basic measures and requirements for industrial building explosion prevention; The basic requirements for evacuation distance, evacuation width, layout of evacuation stairs, emergency lighting and evacuation signs, as well as the setting of safety exits and evacuation doors in industrial and civil buildings; Basic requirements for fire separation distance, group layout, and storage capacity of Class A, B, and C liquid and gas storage tanks (areas) and combustible material storage yards; The basic requirements for fire prevention design of wooden structure buildings and urban traffic tunnel engineering, as well as the basic requirements for rescue sites, fire lanes, fire elevators and other facilities set up to meet firefighting and rescue requirements, fire prevention requirements for building heating, ventilation, air conditioning and electrical aspects, and basic requirements for power supply and distribution lines of firefighting electrical equipment..

Compared with the “Code for Fire Protection Design of Buildings” GB 50016-2006 and the “Code for Fire Protection Design of High rise Civil Buildings” GB 50045-95 (2005 edition), this code mainly has the following changes:.

1. The “Code for Fire Protection Design of Buildings” and “Code for Fire Protection Design of High rise Civil Buildings” have been merged, and the requirements for inconsistency between the two standards have been adjusted. Classify residential buildings uniformly according to building height;.

2. Two chapters on firefighting and rescue facilities and wooden structures have been added, and the requirements for firefighting and rescue have been improved. The system specifies the prevention and control measures for wooden structures.

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