Six schools of Chinese Architecture


This ancient and magical, deep and vigorous loess land, cave with her broad mind, sincere feelings, nurtured generations of Northern Shaanxi people.

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Key words: green tiles and white walls

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The author of “big fish Begonia” also said: “the earth buildings in Fujian, China have a sense of mystery like a dream, like they come from a paradise.” 4

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Key words: Earth Building defense function: the honor of Fujian architecture lies in its earth building, which has been inherited for more than 500 years

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Chinese classical gardens are full of twists and turns

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For thousands of years, due to different regions and living habits, China has left many distinctive buildings

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Jin style architecture can be divided into two categories: one is the urban architecture of Shanxi, which is the architecture of Jin style in a narrow sense; Shanxi merchants are famous all over the world in the history of Shanxi, and the diligent generations of Shanxi merchants have formed their own architectural style on the basis of accumulating countless wealth

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The site selection, decoration, carving and painting of siheyuan reflect the long-standing folk customs and traditional culture, and show people’s pursuit of happiness, beauty, wealth and auspiciousness under specific historical conditions

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It is a unique type of Chinese traditional residential buildings, which provides valuable material for the research of architecture, anthropology and other disciplines

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The dignity of Beijing style architecture lies in the fact that it has evolved from the quadrangle over 700 years

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It can be seen that Huizhou has a deep attraction to the dramatists

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The rain from the four roofs flows into the courtyard, commonly known as “four rivers return to the hall”, which also vividly reflects the mentality of Hui merchants that “fat water does not flow out of the field”

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The Horsehead wall is also the finishing touch of the whole building of Hui style

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The ancestors of the Loess Plateau lived, multiplied and expanded in caves

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Fujian, namely Fujian, is an architectural style popular in Southern Fujian

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It is the carrier of common people’s life and work, and has profound historical value

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How many Chinese people want to have a Suzhou house, as a leisure place for old people, invite three or two friends, have tea, chat and write, the best! 3

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Skillful craftsman to do their best, every pattern, every carving, rigorous structure, exquisite carving

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the production, living and defense facilities in the building are complete

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Key words: cave dwellings, Jin Merchant Culture: the dignity of Jin architecture lies in its magnificent Qiao family courtyard, Dou Gong cornice, colored gold decoration, running in of bricks and tiles, detailed construction of city buildings, more than 300 houses in six courtyards, showing the stability and seriousness of Jin merchants Ningxia and parts of Qinghai

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Minpai architecture brings the long-standing ramming technology of raw soil into full play

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Caves choose the Loess Plateau, the Loess Plateau chooses people, and people also choose caves

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There are twists and turns in the direct dew, ups and downs in the soothing place, which makes people have endless aftertaste

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It can not only prevent fire and earthquake, but also resist the invasion of the enemy

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Key words: symmetrical distribution, auspicious and auspicious

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The culture and spirit it contains is an unparalleled wealth

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They are known as the “three wonders” of Huizhou ancient architecture and are valued and admired by the architectural circles at home and abroad

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In my spare time, it’s a pleasure to invite three or five confidants to make a speech in the hospital

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The dignity of Suzhou style architecture lies in the fact that it has existed in Suzhou gardens for thousands of years

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It brings the raw earth ramming technology into full play

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The scale of single building is grand and fine, and the style of bunker building is still very strong

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The inward courtyard of Hui style dwellings is centered on the deep courtyard, surrounded by high walls

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The courtyard is square and wide, the scale is appropriate, the courtyard is friendly and quiet, and it has a simple and strong flavor of life

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The common types are round building, square building, five Phoenix building, palace building, etc

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In addition to the courtyard, palace architecture is also a representative work of Beijing style architecture

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The other is cave architecture in Northern Shaanxi and its surrounding areas, which is also the most widely distributed architectural style in Northwest China

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Wanpai architecture is one of the most prominent architectural styles in the six major architectural schools, and it is the representative of the folk houses in southern China

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The sky is blue and the air is fresh

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For thousands of years, no matter how the society changed, it failed to shake the dominant position of caves in Northern Shaanxi

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Tang Xianzu once said, “I’ve been crazy all my life and never dreamed of Huizhou.”

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5

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Suzhou style architecture is the architectural style of Jiangsu and Zhejiang, and it is the epitome of the architectural style of the north and the south

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China is a vast land

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Among them, folk houses, ancestral halls and memorial archways are the most typical

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It can be roughly divided into the following six schools: Anhui school, Fujian school, Beijing school, Jiangsu school, Jin school, Sichuan school, Anhui school architecture

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Siheyuan condenses the common memory of people who have lived here for generations

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It can be seen as a huge quadrangle with more extensive functions, clearer division of labor and a sense of royal dignity

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The architectural style of Hui school is well-known for its folk houses, ancestral halls and memorial archways China

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No matter Wang gongguiqi or the common people, they have a constant relationship with the courtyard

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Since the spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period, people began to pursue it

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Beijing style architecture is the most typical one in northern China, and the most typical one in Beijing style architecture is the courtyard in Beijing

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In case of fire, such design can block the spread of fire, which is safe and reliable

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“Big fish and crabapple”, an animated blockbuster known as the last 12 years’ appointment, is a Guoman film with Yongding Hakka Earth Building as the story scene

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Every carving and painting are priceless treasures of northern culture

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Among them, the feeling of “winding paths leading to secluded places, deep flowers and trees in the Buddhist temple” and “all sounds are silent, but the sound of the bells is ringing”

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Hutong Siheyuan is also one of the elements of folk culture in old Beijing

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To a large extent, the architecture of Jin school reflects the character of Jin merchants, which is steady, grand, rigorous and deep; the architecture of Dou Gong, cornice, colored decoration, gold decoration, brick and tile running in, and fine workmanship

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The single buildings are large-scale, different in shape, close to mountains and rivers, and well arranged; the architectural style is unique, the engineering technology is superb, and the cultural connotation is rich

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The roof with high ridge angle, Zoumalou, brick gate tower, bright tile window and street crossing building with Jiangnan charm are light, simple, simple and elegant, reflecting the artistic characteristics of Qing, light, elegant and plain, full of the simple and quiet meaning of Jiangnan Water Town

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The roof with high ridge angle, the Gatehouse with Jiangnan charm, winding, hidden but not exposed, feeding birds and fish, and folding stones, can be regarded as the artistic model of garden style layout

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It is not only exquisite in shape, but also integrates the wisdom of the ancients

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This natural dialectic of “harmony between man and nature” hides unspeakable mystery

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It reveals the strong Hakka customs and earth building elements everywhere, and perfectly and vividly restores Yongding Hakka Earth Building in the film

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The cave is warm in winter and cool in summer

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Among them, “Tulou” is the most distinctive representative, which is a kind of residential building with defensive performance for people living together

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Among them, Anhui school is one of the most familiar Anhui schools, which was listed in the “World Heritage List” in 2000

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It appeared in the song and Yuan Dynasties, and reached its peak in the Ming and Qing Dynasties

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The honor of Anhui school architecture lies in its elegant Hui style residential buildings, green tiles and white walls, brick gate buildings

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Among them, the Forbidden City is the best work of palace architecture, and also represents the highest level of traditional architectural art

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Historically, there were more than a thousand hutongs in the old Beijing 49 City, and the courtyard houses in the capital were scattered in the hutongs

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The courtyard is spacious and spacious, and the houses on all sides are independent, ranging from the royal palace to the civilian residence

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Suzhou style architecture: surrounded by mountains and rivers, winding paths lead to seclusion

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It originated from the construction technology of the original earth plate building in the ancient Central Plains

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The architectural style of Hui style dwellings has “three carvings” (wood carving, stone carving and brick carving), which are different in style and come down in one continuous line

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In these areas, the architectural style of Shanxi is the most mature, so it is collectively referred to as Jin school architecture

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