Shanxi can’t hide! He is clearly the king of Chinese ancient architecture, but he is always considered to be only able to dig coal and drink vinegar


“Does your family run a coal mine, do your people drink vinegar every day, and have you eaten more than 1000 kinds of pasta?”? Whenever she introduces herself to others, the Shanxi sister in the office will always encounter three combos of soul questions

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In fact, there are not only “coal, vinegar and noodles” in Shanxi, but also the birthplace of 5000 year Chinese civilization

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The cultural sites of Xihoudu and Dingcun in the Paleolithic age were found here, where Yao, Shun and Yu were born“ As a transportation fortress and a battleground for strategists, many dynasties built their capitals here, leaving a wealth of immovable cultural relics

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There are 28027 ancient buildings, with a large number, a long history and a variety of forms, ranking the highest in the country

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At present, 106 ancient wooden structures before song, Liao and Jin have been found, of which 4 Tang buildings are also the only ones in China

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Old houses, like the people on this loess land, are simple, low-key and tenacious, and quietly welcome those who like to understand

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A treasure house of wood architecture symbiotic with nature   Hanging temple on the cliff  “ “Harmony between man and nature” is the oriental charm in the bones of the ancients

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When building a house, we will choose the closest material to nature – wood

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Half landscape, half home, even in the cliffs can build an ideal living space

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Figure 2 xiaohongshu @ Nannan Conan (Taining Temple) is located in Datong, Shanxi Province

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The hanging Temple of the Northern Wei dynasty built on the cliff is the earliest and best preserved high-altitude wooden cliff building in China

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It is built according to the trend

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The whole wood structure is made purely by ingenious tenon and mortise structure without an iron nail

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Picture @ xiaohongshu long leg soy milk ~ at a glance, I think the whole building is supported by more than ten thick columns at the mouth of the bowl, but this is only an appearance

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Photo @ xiaohongshu long leg soy milk ~ what really supports this castle in the air is the 27 beams with half inserted flying beams as the foundation, which are supported by the force of rocks based on the principle of mechanics

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The dynasty that created the hanging temple has long been history, and it still stands

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No matter wind, rain or earthquake, it has not damaged a single tree or tile

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Picture Little Red Book @ Nan Conan   Yingxian Wooden Tower, the world’s tallest wooden building   There are three wonderful towers in the world, the Eiffel Tower, the BISAR leaning tower and the Yingxian Wooden Tower“ It’s so good that I can’t breathe! ” Why does Master Liang Sicheng marvel at this world’s tallest wooden building, which is made of 3000 tons of wood and more than 67 meters? In addition to its unique height, Zhang Xingyun is even more amazing in that it supports the roof on top and columns on the bottom, lifting 54 kinds of bucket arches with five floors on the outside and nine floors on the inside

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With its large number and exquisite design, it can be called a “Dougong Museum”

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Looking up from under the tower, different types of bucket arches are like lotus flowers in full bloom

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They are stacked layer by layer, climbing upward and spreading around

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It has no complicated decoration and is completely connected by a concave and a tenon and mortise

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Picture Little Red Book @ Carmen Jiang has been walking to today’s ancient wooden tower for 965 years

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After more than 40 earthquakes, more than 200 shelling and countless strong winds, it still stands

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The inscription of “great miracles and wonders of the world” on the tower plaque shows the wonderful workmanship of Chinese architectural art and the greatness of craftsmen

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Picture Little Red Book @ carmenjiang   Wooden buildings are colorful   Hanging temples and wooden pagodas are only typical representatives of exquisite wooden ancient buildings in Shanxi

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There are many of the most temples and temples in China

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Foguang temple in Wutai County, Xinzhou is one of the earliest wooden structures of the Tang Dynasty in China

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The buildings, sculptures, murals and inscriptions in the temple can be regarded as four wonders

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It is called “the first national treasure of China” by the architect Liang Sicheng

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Figure 1 | Yang Guojun Figure 2 | Su Lihuan’s virgin temple in Taiyuan Jinci has become a representative work of architecture in the Song Dynasty with one-third of the long corridor width of the main hall, eight wood carved coiled dragons on the corridor columns in front of the hall and square lotus leaf shaped fish marsh flying beams

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Wood, born in the wild, is comfortable in the room

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When we choose it as a place to settle down, we take a step closer to nature and live with the world with a warm heart

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Figure 1  | Shanhua Temple   Tied fish Figure 2  | Huayan Temple   As the saying goes, “where there are sparrows, there are Shanxi businessmen.” Shanxi merchants, who are diligent and enterprising, honest and reliable, have not only opened ticket numbers and salt industry all over the country, but also left a rich architectural heritage

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Qiao’s courtyard and Wang’s courtyard all embody the concept of family and country in the courtyard culture of northern folk houses

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  As famous as the Forbidden City — Qiao’s courtyard   Referring to Jin style architecture, Qiao’s courtyard, where the red lanterns are hung high, immediately appeared《 The courtyard is located in qiaojiabao village, Qi county

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It is the residence of Qiao Zhiyong, a wealthy businessman in the Qing Dynasty

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Photography  | Shi Yaochen’s whole courtyard covers an area of 4175 square meters, with 6 large courtyards and 20 small courtyards inside

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It is mainly centered on the central axis and distributed in a double “Xi” shape

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In terms of building materials, wood is bone and brick is flesh

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The framework is built through tenon and mortise structure, and then the bricks are outsourced to build a high wall to form an internal package style, highlighting the concept of “home” as an individual

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Figure 1  | Li Wenbo takes a close look at various carvings and colored painting decorations on walls, beams and doors, highlighting the sense of delicacy in a stable atmosphere, so as to achieve the effect of “bucket arch cornice, colored decoration, gold decoration, running in of bricks and tiles, and careful construction of city buildings”

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What is carried here is not only the honor of the family, but also the embodiment of the spirit of Jin merchants, Confucianism and Jia, agriculture and elegance“ The most sincere evaluation of the Qiao family compound is that the royal family has the Forbidden City and private houses see the Qiao family

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  Super mansion – Wang’s courtyard  “ Huangshan returns without looking at the mountains, and the Wang family returns without looking at the courtyard “

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I’m afraid there is no house as big as the Wang family in China! Spanning the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the Jinzhong Royal courtyard, which took 300 years to repair, can be described as the first luxury house in China, with an area of 100000 square meters larger than the Forbidden City

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Photography  | Gao Dapeng,   Figure insect · creativity: looking down from high altitude, a main road in the middle has a symmetrical courtyard layout, forming a very regular “King” shape

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The design of each courtyard inherits the courtyard style of front hall and back bedroom in the Western Zhou Dynasty, meets the communication space externally and retains the privacy of the home internally

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It reflects the patriarchal ritual system of different men and women inside and outside, orderly dignity, inferiority, dignity and legality

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Just as Professor Wang Luxiang of Tsinghua University lamented: “Wang is a surname, and his surname is half a country

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Home is a courtyard, and the courtyard is a city

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” Picture Little Red Book @ Xu puff puff “made in heaven and on earth, with exquisite carving skills, which is unique in the world”

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The style and wealth of the Wang family are not only great, but also refined

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A large number of metaphorical and symbolic, gorgeous and exquisite decorative patterns have been carved on the bucket arch, architrave, wall cornerstone, column foundation stone and stone lion at the door

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In the solid, practical and beautiful courtyard, it carries the real image of the coexistence of wealth and expensive, and the century old family is full of fireworks

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There are two or three courtyards like the Qiao family and the Wang family in a village

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Although their surnames are different, they highlight the immortal soul and cultural feelings of Jin merchants and Jin people

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China escort agency Museum, photography  | Shi Yaochen’s historical witness Yungang grotto architecture is not only the residence, but also the carrier of history and culture

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Yungang Grottoes are the treasure of human civilization

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It witnessed the exchange of Chinese and foreign cultures and the integration process with all ethnic groups

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It is located at the south foot of Wuzhou mountain and the North Bank of wuzhouchuan, about 16 kilometers west of Datong City

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It was built in the Northern Wei Dynasty and has been excavated for more than 60 years

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There are 45 main caves and more than 59000 stone statues, which is one of the largest ancient Grottoes in China

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chart  | Yungang Grottoes Research Institute was born by accident and was built by a monk favored by the Royal horse

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Because it is in the period of national integration between China and foreign countries, the modeling of Buddha statues integrates the strengths of emperors of previous dynasties, and the decorative patterns cover China and the West

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The Ionian column from Greece and the carving of Indian pagoda are integrated with the bucket arch and cornice in Chinese wood structure buildings.

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