It is forbidden to set up other warehouses in high-rise civil buildings, except for the temporary storage warehouse, archives, reference room and other auxiliary warehouses for self-use items set to meet the use function of high-rise civil buildings.
It is forbidden to use inflammable and combustible materials as external thermal insulation materials for external walls of high-rise civil buildings.
The management unit of the fire control room of high-rise civil buildings shall implement a 24-hour duty system, and there shall be no less than 2 persons on duty in each shift.
The owners and users of high-rise public buildings shall perform the following fire safety responsibilities (case hotspots): (1) abide by fire laws and regulations, and establish and implement fire safety management system; (2) Specify the fire safety management organization or fire safety management personnel; (3) Organize fire patrol and inspection to eliminate potential fire hazards in time; (4) Ensure that the evacuation passage, emergency exit and fire truck passage are unblocked; (5) Regularly inspect and maintain the building fire-fighting facilities and equipment to ensure that they are intact and effective; (6) Organize fire protection publicity, education and training, formulate fire fighting and emergency evacuation plans, and regularly organize fire drills; (7) Establish full-time fire brigade, voluntary fire brigade (Micro Fire Station) and other fire organizations according to regulations; (8) Other fire safety responsibilities stipulated by laws and regulations.
The fire control room shall keep the general layout of high-rise civil buildings, the layout plan, the system diagram of fire-fighting facilities and the description of control logic relationship, the maintenance records and test reports of building fire-fighting facilities, etc.
The property service enterprise of high-rise residential buildings shall conduct fire safety education and training and evacuation drill for residents at least once a year.
If there are two or more owners and users in the same high-rise civil building, each owner and user shall be responsible for the fire safety of its proprietary part and the fire safety of the common part.
High rise civil buildings shall conduct daily fire inspection and fill in inspection records.
It is forbidden to park or charge electric bicycles in the public lobby, evacuation walkway, staircase and emergency exit of high-rise civil buildings.
Cable wells, pipe wells and other vertical pipe wells and cable trays of high-rise civil buildings shall be fireproof blocked at each floor, and the inspection door of pipe well shall adopt fireproof door.
If the same high-rise civil building has two or more owners and users, it shall jointly entrust the property service enterprise, or specify one owner and user as the unified manager to implement unified management on the fire safety of the common part, coordinate and guide the owners and users to jointly do a good job in the fire safety of the whole building, The fire safety responsibilities of all parties shall be agreed in writing.
The 2021 edition of the official teaching material for Fire Engineers has incorporated the provisions on fire safety management of high-rise civil buildings into the teaching material.
For high-rise civil buildings that use flame-retardant exterior wall external insulation materials or adopt building exterior wall external insulation system with cavity with base wall and decorative layer, hot work and power consumption on their exterior wall are prohibited.
This content is also a relatively new knowledge point for candidates.
For high-rise civil buildings, a safety evacuation diagram shall be posted at a prominent position on each floor, and the electronic display screen in public areas shall broadcast fire safety tips and fire safety knowledge.
It is prohibited to produce, store and operate class A and class B fire hazardous articles in high-rise civil buildings in violation of national regulations.
This provision has been implemented since August 1, 2021.
High rise civil buildings shall carry out all factor comprehensive drills at least once a year, and high-rise public buildings with a building height of more than 100m shall carry out all factor comprehensive drills at least once every six months.
Units in high-rise public buildings shall carry out pre job fire safety training for their employees, and organize special training for fire safety management personnel, personnel on duty and operators in fire control room, electricians, security guards and other key posts.
The business unit of catering places in high-rise public buildings shall timely clean the kitchen stoves and fume hood facilities, and the fume exhaust pipes shall be inspected and cleaned at least once a quarter.
Today, the small editor will sort out this content for everyone for reference and study.
Fire prevention inspection shall be carried out for high-rise residential buildings at least once a month, and fire prevention inspection shall be carried out for high-rise public buildings at least once every half a month, and inspection records shall be filled in.
The outdoor billboards and external decorations of high-rise civil buildings shall not use flammable and combustible materials, shall not hinder smoke control and smoke exhaust, escape and fire fighting and rescue, and shall not change or damage the building facade fire protection structure.
(multiple choice hot spots) 14.
For high-rise public buildings with a building height of more than 100m, relevant units are encouraged to hire registered Fire Engineers of corresponding levels or personnel with intermediate and above professional and technical positions in related engineering as fire safety managers.
It is forbidden to use liquefied petroleum gas in the underground part of high-rise civil buildings.
The fire safety manager of high-rise public buildings shall perform the following fire safety management responsibilities (case hotspots): (1) formulate the annual fire safety work plan and organize the implementation of daily fire safety management; (2) Organize fire prevention inspection, patrol inspection and rectification of fire hazards; (3) Organize and implement the maintenance of fire-fighting facilities and equipment shared by buildings; (4) Manage fire organizations such as full-time fire brigade and voluntary fire brigade (Micro Fire Station); (5) Organize fire safety publicity, education and training; (6) Organize the preparation of comprehensive fire fighting and emergency evacuation plans and carry out drills.
Shopping malls and public entertainment places in high-rise public buildings shall not be constructed by hot work during business hours.
Where sub plans are prepared, relevant units and functional departments shall conduct comprehensive drills or special fire fighting and evacuation drills at least once a quarter..
Among them, the public gathering places in high-rise public buildings shall conduct fire inspection at least every 2 hours during the business period, and hospitals, nursing homes, boarding schools and kindergartens shall conduct fire inspection during the day and at night.
The decoration and billboards set on the outer wall of high-rise civil buildings with a building height of more than 50m shall be made of incombustible materials and easy to break down.
The storage and charging places of electric bicycles shall be equipped with necessary fire-fighting equipment, and the charging facilities shall have the function of full automatic power-off.
Units in high-rise public buildings shall carry out fire safety education and training for employees at least once every six months.
The owner, user or fire service unit and unified manager of high-rise civil buildings shall organize and carry out the fire safety assessment of the whole building at least once a year.
It is forbidden to set off fireworks and firecrackers in the building and surrounding forbidden areas; It is forbidden to stack combustibles around its outer wall.
The gas used in high-rise civil buildings shall be supplied by pipeline.
For high-rise public buildings with large scale or complex functions, and with two or more owners, users or multiple functional departments, relevant units shall prepare general fire fighting and emergency evacuation plans, and each unit or functional department shall prepare special fire fighting and emergency evacuation plans or on-site disposal plans according to the actual situation of places, functional zones and posts.