[memory] architecture can be read: This pear garden treasure on Fuzhou road carries memories that old theater fans in Shanghai can’t erase


For many old theater fans in Shanghai, a theater on Fuzhou road has special significance.

In 1955, the seats of the ground floor and the second floor of the Tianchan stage were rearranged, and the layout of the projection room, projection holes and lookout holes were partially adjusted.

From 1920s to 1940s, many influential actors in the history of Peking opera appeared here, leaving unforgettable moments.

For the internal repair of Tianchan stage, the repair team optimized the lobby space on the first floor and the lobby space on the second floor to improve the space use efficiency; Upgrade the internal facilities of the theater, change the seat layout and improve the reverberation time, greatly improve the audio-visual effect and the performance experience in the theater; Improve the fire-fighting system, add deluge system and fire separation water curtain, and improve the fire-fighting performance of the hall and stage.

The seats are comfortable and spacious.

All previous pear garden masters in this century have performed here.

The facade shall be renovated and the stage lighting and decoration shall be adjusted.

Lifting Anchor

The auditorium has two floors, with 928 seats, 812 downstairs and 116 upstairs.

Now, as one of the oldest existing opera theatres in Shanghai, all famous actors of Liyuan perform here.

Which theater is this? What kind of history does it have? Let’s look at the building itself.

Shanghai Tianchan Yifu stage, as a special theater for opera performance “dominated by Peking opera performance and supplemented by other opera performances”, will continue to open up more diversified and multi-level cultural functions on the basis of the core functions of the performance.

Later, it was moved to the intersection of Middle Yunnan Road, Fuzhou Road in 1925 and renamed “Daxin stage”.

Road map of this neighborhood in 1939.

It is the only special performance theater for traditional opera in Shanghai, which mainly focuses on Peking Opera and has the longest existing history.

Tianchan Yifu stage is the longest and largest theater performance place in Shanghai, formerly known as Tianchan stage.

The current site opened on February 7, 1926.

2 waiting hall on the second floor the waiting hall on the second floor was built in the 1990s and is closely connected with the original entrance hall..

Since the name of “Tianchan”, the famous actors and actresses in the north and South have a special preference for this charming stage, so that there is a saying in the pear garden that “if you don’t enter Tianchan, you won’t become famous”.

Building repair before the repair, the facilities of Tianchan stage were seriously aging and overburdened; Its appearance is also messy, which needs to be rectified urgently; The interior is old and dark, especially the acoustic effect can not meet the needs of opera performance; The stage facilities also need to be updated.

Tianchan Yifu stage is equipped with a large number of modern service facilities, including various barrier free facilities and cloakroom.

“Tianchan” will reproduce the style of “century old brand”, operate healthily, and welcome the “next century” gracefully and healthily.

After that, the performance stage area was reconstructed and expanded, the Hall part of the building was retained, and the theater was named Yifu stage of Tianchan Peking Opera Center, which reopened in 1994.

Now the predecessor of Tianchan Yifu stage is Daxin stage, which was built in 1925.

In 1984, a pillar in the theater tilted and the Tianchan stage was temporarily closed.

Leisure light catering areas and cultural and creative development zones are also opened on both sides to provide services for the performers.

Around 1980, the facade of the building was decorated from 1972 to 1978.

In 2018, the whole building will be repaired and renovated, with overall improvement.

The high and open pattern of the entrance hall of building punch point 1, the original ceiling moldings and terrazzo floors, and the arc step shape of the large stairs all arouse the memories of old opera fans about the building.

In June 1954, it was officially taken over by the state.

Through repair and equipment improvement, Tianchan Yifu stage launched the 2021 Tianchan opening performance season in February 2021, which was highly praised by fans.

At the same time, the second floor of the theater is also equipped with actor rest area, band rest room, rehearsal room, singing room and other spaces, so that the troupe performing here can have a better rest and devote themselves to the performance.

It has an elegant shape and a long history.

The lobby on the first floor is equipped with a multi-functional hall, equipped with a lifting stage, a huge high-definition full-color LED screen and a movable telescopic audience stand, which can not only be used as a performance viewing space, but also meet the needs of exhibition, art education, small-scale performance and other functions.

The facade of the gatehouse is made of off white brushed stone and imitation stone, with simple shape and decorative art style.

It is a four story reinforced concrete structure from southwest to northeast.

Electronic displays are installed on both sides of the stage to display subtitles during the performance, so as to facilitate the audience to understand the content.

From 1994 to 2018, several rounds of decoration were carried out.

The stage price of Tianchan Yifu carries the emotional sustenance of several generations of artists and audiences.

Architectural story the predecessor of Shanghai Tianchan Yifu stage can be traced back to the “new stage” located at the intersection of Hubei Road, Jiujiang Road in 1912.

For the restoration of the style of Tianchan Yifu stage, refer to the historical photos in the 1930s and 1950s and previous reconstruction drawings, completely repair the brushed stone finish of the external wall, replace the external doors and windows, restore the historical hollowed out balcony railings, renovate the entrance canopy, protect, repair and restore the main historical style of the facade along the corner of Fuzhou road.

In order to seek high-grade audio-visual effects, the focusing effect of audience seat perspective and the acoustic performance of panel wall design materials are carefully optimized one by one, and equipped with cold and warm central air conditioning.

In 1986, Tianchan regained its original name.

The facade of the building around 1930 was in the period of Tianchan stage from 1925 to 1949, covering an area of about 2000 square meters, with a construction area of 6207 square meters, including a performance area of 3602 square meters.

In 1950, due to the sluggish business, the employees took the initiative to establish a “temporary management committee with others” to operate self-help.

It is one of the oldest and largest theatrical performance venues in Shanghai.

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