Looking for red architecture | phase 3: Ranzhuang tunnel battle site

Taking advantage of the tunnel advantages, Ranzhuang militia cooperated with the armed forces and field armies to fight against the enemy 157 times in the war of resistance against Japan and the war of liberation, annihilated more than 2100 enemies, and won the title of “model village of tunnel warfare”.

Taking the cross street as the center, four trunk tunnels are excavated along the East, West, South and North streets, and then more than 20 branch lines are extended from the trunk line to several villages outside and around the village.

There are a large number of precious revolutionary cultural relics in the museum, including 4 national first-class revolutionary cultural relics, 17 second-class revolutionary cultural relics and 77 third-class revolutionary cultural relics.

Underground Arsenal (local) the broadcast tube used by the ran Zhuang militia to shout, the pout gun made by the ran Zhuang militia, and the gun made by the ran Zhuang militia.

In the war practice of fighting the enemy, it gradually developed from a single hole to a double hole, multiple holes and tunnels, and finally dug a tunnel network of 32 Li.

The main features of Ranzhuang tunnel fortification are three links, three intersections and five defenses.

The whole village has various ingenious tunnel openings and many battle fortifications, forming a three-dimensional fire cross network, It has formed an underground great wall that can fight, hide, attack and defend, and advance and retreat freely.

The new pavilion has a total construction area of nearly 4000 square meters and an exhibition area of 1800 square meters.

In the practice of struggle, the ran Zhuang people have built a very complete tunnel network with their wisdom and hard work.

Ranzhuang tunnel battle site is located 30 kilometers southwest of Baoding City, Hebei Province.

After the July 7th incident in 1937, in order to resist foreign aggression, the people of Ranzhuang began to dig underground holes in 1938.

Finally, it is excavated to connect households, villages and villages, extending in all directions and echoing up and down.

It is an important war site in the Anti Japanese struggle in North China under the leadership of the Communist Party of China in the Second World War.

Taking advantage of the tunnel advantages, Ranzhuang militia inflicted heavy losses on the enemy in the war of resistance against Japan and the war of liberation, and made outstanding contributions to the fight against Japanese fascist aggression and the cause of the liberation of the motherland.

In this way, various underground and underground fortifications in Ranzhuang cooperate with each other to form a three-dimensional fire cross network.

In this way, tunnels cooperate with the ground and various firepower intersect, forming a dense firepower network, giving full play to the power of tunnels and annihilating incoming enemies.

In September 2010, the new Ranzhuang tunnel war memorial hall was officially opened to tourists.

According to the same terrain and features, fortifications and gun holes were built at the small temple, roller, cake burner, counter, darkroom, corner or root of the wall.

As like as two peas, the best way to make use of the terrain and terrain features is to create a tunnel mouth, which is not easy to find in the walls, floors, shaft walls, animal farms, Kang surfaces, cooking tables, wardrobes, etc., and disguises them exactly as buildings, so that the enemy can hardly find them.

The ground level of mangao tunnel at the entrance of sandwich wall tunnel is generally 0.7-0.8m wide, about 1-1.5m high, and more than 2m above the ground.

At the same time, mines are scattered in streets and intersections, and leads are introduced into tunnels.

Among them, there are 7 high room fortifications, 14 bunkers, 6 small temple fortifications, 2 roller fortifications, 1 cake baking furnace fortification, 1 counter fortification, and 8 darkrooms and corner gun holes.

All these fortifications are connected with tunnels, which can not only look out, but also shoot.

There are headquarters, rest rooms, grain storage rooms, road signs, oil lamps and underground Arsenal in the tunnel.

Built in 1959, Ranzhuang tunnel war memorial hall was listed as the first batch of key cultural relics protection units by the State Council in 1961.

Looking for the red building (phase 3) Ranzhuang tunnel battle site.

The tunnel structure is basically the same as the street above the ground.

In order to facilitate surveillance and shooting at the enemy, we also use high buildings, ground and other favorable terrain and features to build fortifications in many places and connect with tunnels.

In terms of use, it can be divided into military tunnels for combat and civil tunnels for people’s concealment.

This paper is compiled from: 1 Ranzhuang tunnel battle site website 2 Baidu Encyclopedia: Ranzhuang (tunnel war site) 3 Learning power: Ranzhuang tunnel battle site 4 Learning power: Red footprint of Ranzhuang tunnel battle site in Hebei 1 Visit the red building | phase 1: Zhou Enlai Deng Yingchao memorial hall 2 Visit the red building | phase 2: Gutian Conference Memorial Hall..

In 2014, it was selected into the list of the first batch of national anti Japanese War Memorial facilities and sites determined by the State Council.

Erection Anchor

Three links are high houses, tunnels and fortresses; The third intersection is the intersection of open and dark holes, the intersection of high room firepower and horizon Fort firepower, and the intersection of wall firepower and bunker firepower; Five prevention, namely, damage prevention, blocking prevention, waterproof irrigation, poison gas prevention and fire prevention.


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