Huxiang Geography | These magnificent buildings let me know Xiangtan again

Guild halls are one kind.

It is inconvenient for Huai merchants, so Guangyan can take advantage of it”.

The golden waterway of the Xiangjiang River, where it is located, has achieved the great prosperity of Xiangtan.

Lewis Mumford, a historian, said: “Just as every living body has different genetic genes, every city has its own unique history.” Although the prosperity is no longer, the material and cultural heritage of Xiangtan has been preserved due to the temporary stagnation of historical development, and has become the cultural DNA representing the city’s temperament through the tempering of time.

Xiangtan Jiangxi Guild Hall.

Kong Yan, a scholar, said in the Discussion on the Historical and Geographical Problems of Changsha Section of the Xiangjiang River in the Ming and Qing Dynasties: Changsha is close to the Yangtze River, and the danger of wind and waves is unavoidable.

With the integrated traffic pattern of Chang-Zhu-Tan, it can easily reach all provinces of the country.

Walking in them, it seems that you can still hear the bustle of commerce in the past.

In fact, “Zong” is a business district similar to the Lifang system in the Tang Dynasty, but it does not restrict the free flow between each other, which is a bit like today’s grid management unit.

Zhuzhou, a city pulled by train, has become a metropolis.

The Xiangjiang River is the axis of inland navigation in Hunan.

Most of the time, the city and the historical trend are just a little short of each other.

The Eighteenth General Assembly of Xiangtan: When talking about Xiangtan, people are accustomed to referring to the “Eighteenth General Assembly” (also known as the “Nineteenth General Assembly”).

Why is there a “risk of wind and waves” in Changsha? One of the most important reasons is that the Changsha section of the Xiang River is too straight and the water flow is too fast.

Today, Xiangtan has become an important city on the Shanghai-Kunming line.

When the deacons are transferred, they are not worried about hundreds of thousands of people.

During the Ming and Qing dynasties, Xiangtan took advantage of the situation and became the most important commercial center city in the Xiangjiang River basin by virtue of commodity trading, known as “the first Zhuang county in the world” (Wang Kaiyun’s words).

What is “total”? There has been no clear conclusion in the academic circles about the time when the term “general” first began.

As a result, the Xiangjiang River has become an important inland river transportation line connecting Lingnan, Lingbei, the two lakes, and even southern and northern China.

Changsha City, which is only a few decades away from Xiangtan, also had good shipping conditions at that time.

Such a river lacks a safe haven for boats.

▼ The prosperous era of Xiangtan commerce was jointly created by the economic and social changes in the late Ming and Qing dynasties and its inherent geographical advantages.

However, in the existing historical data, the term “total” only appeared in the Chronicles of Changsha during the Jiajing period of the Ming Dynasty.

The situation in the front of Hunan and the back of the lake is better than that in Xiakou.

However, in the scramble for determining the fate of the city in modern times, the Guangdong-Hanzhou Railway finally chose the route from Changsha to Zhaoshan to Zhuzhou, and Xiangtan just deviated a little, and then quickly declined.

Traffic is an important factor that determines the urban transport situation.

After the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom settled its capital in Nanjing, the Yangtze River waterway was blocked.

All tea transported to Guangzhou had to be transported to Lingnan through Xiangtan.

In Xiangtan County Annals, Wang Kaiyun said: “More than ten miles along Hunan outside the city, there are merchants in the ranks.

Major events in history also affected the commercial development of Xiangtan.

After Jiaqing, the total number of wharfs in Xiangtan rose rapidly to 52, and the bustling scene of the super first-class commercial metropolis in the Xiangjiang River basin fascinates people today.

01 Xiangtan: Xiangtan, which has been the economic center of Hunan for more than 340 years, is the “No.1 Zhuang County in the world”.

In other words, the water conservancy and navigation conditions of the three cities in Xiangtan are not very good.

The mountains connect with the mountains and the water connects with Xiaoxiang.

Xiangtan, in the era of inland navigation, is a lucky person in history.

Fu Jiaojin, a geographer, wrote in the Geography of Hunan that the river course of Xiangtan is generally flat and there is no danger of rushing rocks.

The county seat, located at the big C-bend of the Xiangjiang River, has unique shipping geographical conditions.

During the Ming and Qing dynasties, with the rapid growth of the population in the Central Plains and Jiangnan regions, the demand for wood, tea and all kinds of local materials increased rapidly, and the development of the central and western regions continued to deepen.

During the Jiaqing period of the Qing Dynasty, Zhu Bingru, a person from Hengyang, said that “Hengyongbao’s three prefectures are connected to Guangdong, while Xiangtan’s upstream water is turbulent and difficult to travel.

The trade in Xiangtan was more prosperous during this period.

In other cities that belong to the same Xiangjiang River, there are no such good conditions.

With a duration of more than 340 years, it has drawn a Hunan version of the “Qingming River Map”.

The traffic lines extending in all directions and the historical relics created by the traffic interweave the past and present life of Xiangtan, which together constitute the “continuity of historical memory” of a city.

The huge tributaries are an important part of the transportation network.

Xiangtan is especially suitable for boats because it is located in the C-shaped bend of the Xiang River.

However, the fact is that although Changsha has good shipping conditions, it lacks a good deepwater port.

Xiangtan City Main Street.

There are as many as 31 Xiangtan wharves recorded in the Records of Xiangtan County during the reign of Qianlong.

The fate of cities is almost as volatile as that of people.

The most dazzling star on this big network is Xiangtan.

They are all river cities.

▼ Xiangtan is a connecting point of the Xiangjiang River shipping line.

Along the Xiangjiang River, you can either go from Changsha to Yongzhou along the Hunan-Guangxi Corridor, go south to Lingqu and Wuzhou, and enter the sea at the Xijiang River, or go south to Chenzhou and enter Guangdong along the ancient Hunan-Guangdong Road.

It should be the first choice for commercial centers.

Some people say that the total comes from the military management system of the Yuan Dynasty.

It was also the political center of Hunan.

The tributaries of the Xiangjiang River lead to the cities and towns scattered all over the country, from which an economic network is launched.

In addition to the excellent waterway, a city can become a commercial center in the river basin, and it also has the geographical conditions to build a good port in deep water.

Magnetic Box Adapter

In the history of these neglected areas, business exchanges have become very busy and merchants from all over the world have gathered.

There are more Ming and Qing architectures preserved in Xiangtan than in Changsha.

It has the best water transport conditions in the entire Xiang River basin.

Since the former Ming Dynasty, it has been called Little Nanjing.” The prosperity of Xiangtan is an inevitable result of the development of traditional society to its heyday.

Why is Xiangtan more prosperous than Changsha? Xiangtan Guanxiang Gate was once the gate of Xiangtan City in the direction of Xiangjiang River in history.


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