[architecture can be read] International Hotel: the origin of Shanghai City, once the tallest building in the Far East


The architectural style combines neoclassicism and decorative art school, with a slight Roman style.

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After completion, it quickly became a beautiful scenic spot

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The simple decoration and vertical lines of the facade have the typical characteristics of decorative art style

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Now we can see the “origin of Shanghai city coordinates (sub point)” sign in the lobby of the ground floor of the international hotel, which also makes Shanghai the only city in China that has not changed the origin

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It has quietly accumulated in a long time

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At that time, the wedding banquet, reception banquet and other social activities of celebrities from all walks of life in Shanghai were held here

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On December 1, 1934, the international hotel opened

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Architectural story how is it covered? In the 1920s and 1930s, it was a challenge to build skyscrapers on the soft foundation of Shanghai

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Its legend will continue

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These are enough to witness the status and identity of international hotels

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International Hotel, located at 170 Nanjing West Road, near Huanghe Road

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Slowly, this inheritance will be wrapped with a layer of deep and mature wrapping pulp, quiet and warm, emitting the charm and flavor of history

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Building repair in the history of international hotels, it has only experienced two real overhaul

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Every day, guests from all over the world, including the diplomatic, cultural and financial circles, gather here to enjoy the first-class services and delicious food of modern Shanghai

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It was invested and built by the savings associations of Jincheng, salt industry, mainland China and Central South China banks, so it is also known as the “four bank savings association” building in Shanghai

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Today, let’s learn about the story of this building that has maintained the identity of the tallest building in Shanghai for half a century..

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In November 1950, in order to unify the plane coordinate system of Shanghai, the surveying and Mapping Office of the then Land Bureau conducted triangulation of the whole city

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One was the exterior wall repair in 1988, and all the pipelines, lines, air conditioners, steel windows, ventilation equipment and other patterns were transformed and decorated

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It also has a well-known identity – “the origin of Shanghai city”

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All the external walls above the fourth floor are inlaid with brown Taishan tiles, and floor glass windows are set at the protruding corners of the second, third and fourteenth floors, showing a strong sense of paragraph

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In the 1930s, the height above the ground of the building reached 83.8 meters

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The design and restoration of these details also make the classic style of the International Hotel reappear and regain its luster

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The English versions of continental news, zilinxi news, Sunday edition of Shanghai times, German Shanghai news and many Chinese newspapers competed to report

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On March 16, 1934, the facade of the international hotel was completed

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Five plum blossom piles were driven under each steel column, with a depth of 39.8m, equivalent to half of the total ground height of the building

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It was the highest building in China and even Asia at that time, known as “the tallest building in the Far East”

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Above the fourth floor, the vertical lines are emphasized by high pilasters and vertical window frames that run through the whole facade

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It is a witness of history

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Chinese enterprises started late, and foreign enterprises have the support of the concession Ministry of industry, which is powerful and convenient

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Directly opposite is the picturesque people’s Park, adjacent to the sports building and the Golden Gate Hotel in the East and the Daguang cinema in the West

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Below the third floor, the outer wall was poured with reinforced concrete and covered with black granite made in Qingdao

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When the international hotel was built, the steam engine was used for pile driving

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The cinema is the first to introduce wide screen equipment in Shanghai and the first four channel stereo cinema in China

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The reason why the international hotel can become the origin is actually very simple because of its “high”

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It was started in 1931 and opened in 1934

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After understanding the historical data of the international hotel, the designer decided to reopen the fully closed ground floor and the atrium on the first floor

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However, Fuji construction factory has built Guangzhou Zhongshan Memorial Hall, Nanjing Zhongshan Mausoleum, Shanghai Daxin company and other influential projects in the society

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Daguang cinema is recommended around the building   Founded in 1928, it is a typical modernist style

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The architectural history international hotel was called the international hotel at the beginning of its establishment

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It can be seen that the international hotel is magnificent and must be looked up to in the eyes of Shanghai people

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  Old Shanghainese all know: “look at the international hotel, be careful that your hat falls off.”

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Due to the deep and dense piles, the settlement of international hotels is the least among modern high-rise buildings in Shanghai

. Foot Eye Anchor

It was once known as the “first cinema in the Far East” for its luxury

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Chen Yi attended and delivered a speech to thank all walks of life

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At that time, the first, second and third floors of the building were for the self use of Sixing savings association, the fourth to nineteenth floors were hotel rooms, and the 22nd floor was equipped with a lookout

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When the international hotel was just completed, the whole building was in the shape of a sailboat

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   Who built it? In order to obtain the construction right of the international hotel, seven construction plants at home and abroad were eager to try and participated in the bidding of the international hotel

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The pile heads were all round logs and American pine

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Address: No

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The vertical and horizontal lines of the facade are staggered, the light yellow outer wall, large glass windows and square columns, translucent milky white glass lamp columns have the characteristics of decorative art school

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Let’s continue the story in the future..

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On July 16 of the same year, the Shanghai Federation of labor forces from all walks of life held its inaugural meeting here

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The interior decoration and floor of the building are made of Eucalyptus and teak, with excellent production and luxurious and modern internal facilities

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It was announced as a national key cultural relics protection unit in 2006

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   2

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It has been highly praised in the construction industry and the people, and finally made the international hotel a representative of “made in China”

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However, under such various conditions, the designer contributed to the final completion of the building with keen judgment and bold decision

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International Hotel literature and History Museum if you want to explore the history of international hotels in person, you might as well visit the literature and History Museum in the corridor on the first floor of the hotel, where there are Chinese and Western utensils, British clock, internally published publications (sail sound), shareholder seals, stock stubs, and all kinds of old photos and introductions

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The second was to restore the original closed roof in the 14 floor multi-functional hall, restore the position of the previous air outlet, and re present the feeling of roof skylight with exquisite glass skylight and exquisite murals, Third, remove the carpet to show the copper pattern in the middle of the teak floor vertically paved on the ground..

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Here, you will be surprised to find that the inheritance of a hotel has experienced the care and polishing of countless people and the persistence of several generations

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It is divided into cultural and recreational activities and gymnasium

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Above the fifteenth floor, they are retracted layer by layer on all sides in a ladder shape, highlighting the sense of height of the building

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216, Nanjing West Road opening hours: 11:00-17:00  ( Limited to public areas and the historical corridor of Daguang cinema) admission: free of charge (tickets are required to see the film) reservation method: (appointment is required during the epidemic)   Telephone reservation contact information: 63277011 sports building (formerly Western overseas Chinese Youth Association) was originally an entertainment and sports place built for western youth living in Shanghai

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The ground floor is the lobby, the second floor is the Chinese restaurant, the Fengze building, the third floor is the western restaurant, and more than the fourth floor is the guest room

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Taking the central flagpole on the roof of the international hotel as the origin of the plane coordinate system, and the projection of the meridian circle on the plane through the point as the ordinate axis, the origin of Shanghai Urban plane coordinate is established

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On May 27, 1949, Shanghai was liberated

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Because there is no relevant experience to refer to, many technical problems need to be solved, many people are skeptical, and even structural engineers are not sure

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It was renamed international hotel after 1954

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  The other was the comprehensive transformation of the main building in 1996

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Although today’s tallest building has long been replaced, the international hotel is still the familiar and unique representative building in Shanghai

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