Architectural art — Urban Island — image memory and curriculum research of Harbin Jiangbei shipyard

The relevant assignments are provided by Mr.

The building has been abandoned for many years, but it can still reflect the exquisite details of the building and feel the glorious history of this isolated island a hundred years ago.

The design focuses on the riverside wharf and plant site, and organically combines the natural landscape and industrial heritage to form an attractive urban landscape node.

The buildings and life here seem to have not changed much from decades ago.

Excerpt from the drawings of Fu Hao (the drawings are provided by Mr.

Although the buildings are dilapidated, they have dense trees and vegetation and good riverside style.

Lifting Foot Anchor

This area carries too many glories in the era of planned economy in Harbin.

Thank you!  —— After completing the assignment, Fu Hao started with the superior industrial planning, thought about the overall development and reconstruction of the existing shipyard area, and made use of the location and natural landscape advantages of the existing site to create a composite industrial model integrating culture, tourism, creativity, leisure and elderly care.

The Industrial Relics in the shipyard (photographed by Tang Jiajun) the shipyard staff club in the last century (photographed by Tang Jiajun) the shanty town of the shipyard (photographed by Tang Jiajun) the former site of the Northeast merchant shipping school in the shipyard (photographed by Tang Jiajun) is the most important historical protection building in the existing area.

The author borrowed three graduation designs of 2013 landscape architecture major from the school of architecture of Harbin Institute of technology.

Compared with many progressive and continuous historical cities in Europe, cities in developing countries do show a lot of piecemeal replacement process, which has comprehensive reasons such as history, economy and politics.

Although there are 8000 residents, the supporting facilities here are very imperfect, and the medical, educational, commercial and entertainment facilities are basically in the original state.

The author has studied and worked in Harbin for many years.

In the year when the water level on the river rises, the railway bridge of more than 1km has become the only pedestrian channel for residents here, which makes the shipyard a real urban island.

Zhu Xun)  —— Li Wenjing finished the assignment, discussed the regional development mode with specific attributes, divided and connected the site functions by using the method of urban design, and finally created the outdoor space landscape design of the site.

Panorama of the shipyard (shot by Tang Jiajun) the shipyard retains the industrial style of the last century.

These three assignments show a novel attitude towards the research on the development of shipyard community under the riverside natural landform from the aspects of regional planning, community construction and ecological landscape.

The living conditions here are still as difficult as many years ago, but there is also more life breath that has been lost in many big cities.

In this paper, three assignments are intercepted and displayed.

At the same time, the transportation is inconvenient, so that it is not understood by many people.

Aerial photography of the former site of northeast merchant shipping school (shot by Tang Jiajun) details of the former site of northeast merchant shipping school (shot by Tang Jiajun)   Due to the author’s own solitude, landscape research has really entered the shipyard area recently, but it is shocked by the nature, humanities and people’s life here.

Jiangbei shipyard location (picture from Baidu map) full satellite map of the shipyard (picture from Mr.

The beauty of the shipyard (shot by Tang Jiajun) a glance at the shipyard (shot by Tang Jiajun) the community architecture of the shipyard now has no glory.

The old urban areas of many cities in China are also at such a crossroads.

The peninsula is located in the north of the main urban area of Harbin, across the river from the riverside park of Harbin, and close to Suiman railway Binzhou railway bridge and Sun Island Scenic Spot on the West.

In addition to the shipyard plant area, a residential community dominated by shipyard employees has been formed, which makes it have a strong attribute of old urban area.

In addition, a small number of characteristic buildings, including the former site of northeast merchant shipping school and wharf lighthouse, have been retained.

After the founding of the people’s Republic of China, it still became a national shipbuilding base and once a benchmark enterprise in the period of planned economy, which also doubled the number of shipyard employees and gradually formed a large community of more than 2000 households.

There are more than 2000 households living here.

○ focus on us,   Please click at the top of the screen   Unidesignlab urban island with the advancement of China’s urbanization process, new urban areas have sprung up, while most of the old urban areas inevitably decline, which has become a difficult problem in urban renewal.

Zhu Xun of the Department of Landscape Architecture) although the shipyard community is only across the river from the main urban area, it is sandwiched in the landscape wetland area between the old city in the south of the Yangtze River and Jiangbei new city.

According to the research, the building was built in 1927 and is a two-story red brick building built with reference to the architectural design blueprint of Japan at that time.

This is the Jiangbei shipyard community in Harbin.

The author believes that although the overall development of the area is difficult, the design puts forward the idea of compound low-density development and construction, and explores the introduction of various functional space types in the site, especially the riverside and industrial landscape design in some node areas, which helps to improve the regional attraction, It will also become an important tourism resource supplement for the nearby Sun Island Scenic Spot and Jiangbei Grand Theater.

Especially in the old urban areas of some cities, buildings of different historical periods and construction standards coexist, making cities show the results of mixing and collage.

However, this “isolated island” is different from some scenic islands on the river.

The buildings here are basically built before the 1990s, mixed with a large number of private and illegal bungalow buildings.

Time seems to have stagnated here.

The design combs the site through clear horizontal and vertical axis guidance.

At the same time, it also creates an outdoor activity square in combination with reserved buildings, forming a rich waterfront outdoor space..

Then it experienced the period of Japanese puppet, Owned and operated by the Japanese.

Are the buildings in the old urban areas alive or dead? How to activate and update with capital participation? How to coordinate the relationship between building protection and economic development Some cities have gradually formed passive “villages in the city” and “shantytowns” in the unhealthy planning and construction.

Aerial photography of Jiangbei shipyard in 2021 (shot by Tang Jiajun)   The so-called “urban isolated island” in location history is not a popular title, but because the shipyard community is indeed a peninsula in the river.

Now it is a veritable “urban island”.

The traditional staff determinant houses have been surrounded by chaotic additional bungalows, and the living standard here still remains in the state of shantytowns in the last century.

Zhu Xun of the Department of landscape architecture.

At first, it was a shipyard in tsarist Russia, and then it established Dongbei shipyard and northeast merchant shipping school during the period of the Republic of China in 1928.

This area occupies an important landscape node along the river in Harbin, and the buildings in this area still retain the original style and features of decades ago.

Shipyard Wharf (shot by Tang Jiajun) overlooking Binzhou railway bridge from the shipyard (shot by Tang Jiajun) shipyard living area (shot by Tang Jiajun) shipyard area has a history of one hundred years.

Due to the industrial recession and embarrassing location, there has been no real community development and construction here for decades.

The red brick facade of the former school site shows the architectural features imported from the northeast of that era, and also coordinates with the shipyard industrial buildings built in the later stage, forming the dominant tone of the shipyard island.

The construction conditions of the living area are much worse.

These areas have become difficult problems in the city.

It can be said that he is a city expert in Harbin, but he really came here by chance this year and found this paradise on the edge of the city.

The buildings in the whole shipyard island are generally divided into two categories: shipyard plant area and residential living area.

In recent years, some colleges and universities in Harbin have conducted relevant research on the renewal and development of shipyard community, especially the curriculum teaching of urban and rural planning, landscape architecture and other majors have accumulated and achieved some results.

What this paper describes is an area with unique historical development, unique geographical location and unique community structure in Harbin.

The peninsula is surrounded by water, except that ships can enter the island only through railway bridges and some dikes.


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