Style thunder: Architectural legend of 200 years in Qing Dynasty (Part I)


In the 29th year of Daoguang (1849), that is, more than 20 years later, Lei Jingxiu, who was originally considered immature by his father, fought back for the case

.

However, Lei Jingxiu is still a very good figure in the Lei family

.

When they are not competent, the position of presiding over the case is by no means hereditary

.

They took over the style house work in their father’s hand and carried forward Lei’s ancestral industry at a low tide

.

But you know what? The Old Summer Palace, the summer palace, Jingshan mountain, the temple of heaven, Beihai, Zhongnanhai, and even the summer resort outside Beijing, the eastern Tomb of the Qing Dynasty and the Western Tomb of the Qing Dynasty, most of these famous architectural designs that have become world cultural heritage come from a family

.

Perhaps the Lei family did not expect that this was originally intended to continue the family’s glorious history, but left a valuable cultural heritage for the Chinese nation[ Author] Wu Yinghong [editor] Zhu   Ying.

.

It may be that the officials of the upper beam have poor woodworking skills

.

It is said that during several southern tours in the middle and late Qianlong period, the three brothers accompanied them

.

Kangxi appreciated it very much

.

After textual research, the researchers found that the legend was the result of grafting flowers and trees

.

And most importantly, his descendants can still win back the case with their own efforts and catch-up, which is even more difficult

.

Therefore, he put on the clothes of the seven grade official with a small axe in his sleeve

.

They have installed the ridge purlin for a long time, and the tenon riveting can’t fit properly

.

With her young son in her arms, she sobbed in the Ministry of work and argued for the Lei family’s qualification to regain control of the style house when she is an adult

.

He climbed up and slapped several axes, and installed the beam easily

.

It can be seen from this matter that the Lei family has very strict requirements for their children

. Short Waved Anchor

He sealed the seven grade official on the spot and asked Lei developed to be the leader of the style room

.

When he was in Shangliang, Kangxi found that Lei Jinyu was very young and skilled, so he summoned him for a conversation

.

He had to have a seven grade official position to do this job

.

This family occupied the Royal architect seat of the Qing Dynasty for more than 200 years, creating an unprecedented architectural legend in Chinese history

.

Lei Jiaxi, Lei shengshu’s second son, took over the position of style room manager

.

Zhu Qiqian, the earliest scholar to study style Lei, once recorded such a legend in his book “style Lei Kao”: it is said that the Taihe hall will be rebuilt in the middle of Kangxi“ On the day of the “Shangliang” ceremony, Emperor Kangxi visited the Taihe hall in person

.

This practice was inherited by the later Lei family from generation to generation

.

Moreover, in Kangxi’s imperial poetry, when he wrote about the story of changchunyuan, he specially wrote a paragraph, which means that there is a craftsman with extraordinary skills, and I still miss him very much today

.

Lei Jinyu integrated the mellow beauty of the south of the Yangtze River and the simplicity of the north into the forty scenes of the Old Summer Palace, which won the appreciation of Yongzheng

.

  Lei’s family ancestors, like Lei shengshu’s three sons Lei Jiawei, Lei Jiaxi and Lei Jiarui, are very enterprising

.

Therefore, they can be preserved to this day, becoming a national treasure called “style thunder map file” in China’s architectural history

.

During the construction, Lei Jinyu was on his 70th birthday, and Emperor Yongzheng gave him a special reward: he ordered his son Hongli (later Emperor Qianlong) to write a plaque with the word “ancient rare” and give it to Lei Jinyu

.

During the conversation, he found that he was quick thinking and that the two were the same age

.

Lei Jingxiu, the fifth generation descendant of style Lei, mainly lived in the years of Daoguang and Xianfeng

.

So far, this story is truthfully recorded in Lei Jinyu’s inscription

.

At that time, the officials of the Ministry of works who presided over the ceremony were very worried, because if this failed, someone might be killed

.

In order to inherit his craft in the fierce competition, Lei Jingxiu began to collect the design drawings (including sketches and official drawings in various historical stages) and hot sample models uploaded by his ancestors and left in his work, and stored them in his home with three houses

.

In other words, Lei developed cannot participate in the reconstruction of Taihe hall

.

Finally, Lei Fafa volunteered to install the beam, but he was only a small craftsman

.

With Lei Jinyu’s death, the Lei family lost the position of style room manager and moved south

.

This time, he relied entirely on his own skills

.

He has made great contributions to the family and even the Chinese nation, that is, he has started the collection and preservation of style Lei map files

.

Kangxi appreciated him very much, immediately appointed him a seven grade official, and let him take charge of the royal architectural design agency, that is, the style room

.

Therefore, the descendants of Lei wrote inscriptions for Zhang during the Tongzhi period, praising her indelible merits in the family history

.

Style thunder Beijing is a famous ancient cultural capital

.

From the first generation of Lei developed to the eighth generation of Lei Xiancai, the eight generations of Lei family were royal architects

.

They were specially responsible for building houses for the Royal family

.

The protagonist of the event was not Lei developed, but his son Lei Jinyu

.

When Lei Jinyu’s hard-earned career was about to die, a crucial woman in the history of the Lei family began to fight against fate

.

It was named because it had been in charge of “style house” for a long time

.

She is Lei Jinyu’s sixth wife, Zhang

.

In 1825, Lei Jiaxi left a will at the last moment of his life, saying that although my son Lei Jingxiu began to learn architecture when he was a teenager and his skills were quite extraordinary, he felt that it was not mature to take charge of the case and decided to hand it over to an architect named Guo Jiu

.

The royal architecture of the Qing Dynasty is a very important part of Beijing’s cultural relics

.

“Style Lei” is the general name of a famous architectural family in the Qing Dynasty

.

At the end of the seventh year of Yongzheng (1729), Lei Jinyu died

.

Lei Jinyu, Lei Fazhan’s son, took part as the head of a carpenter when repairing the garden

.

This family is “style ray”

.

Fang Hu Shengjing, one of the forty scenic spots of the Old Summer Palace (the first on the left is the plan of the Lei family, the top on the right is the forty scenic spots of the Old Summer Palace, and the bottom on the right is the illustration in the 1864 travel around the world)

.

In addition to the bounty and silver, Yongzheng also ordered the Royal post station to take care of and transport the coffin back to Nanjing for burial

.

Qianlong, who loved Jiangnan gardens, let Lei style reproduce the wonders of Jiangnan in the Yuanmingyuan

.

The Lei family’s ancestral home is Jianchang County (now Yongxiu county), Nankang Prefecture, Jiangxi Province

.

After their return, they designed many palaces for Qianlong, including Qianlong garden, three mountains and five gardens in Haidian and the expansion of Chengde summer resort

.

When the British and French allied forces burned the Old Summer Palace, Lei Jingxiu moved from his ancestral home to Guanyin Temple in Xizhimen and funei waterwheel alley with drawings and hot samples

.

The first garden, Changchun Garden, was built by wanfang’an and Tangyang Kangxi in the past 20 years

.

After Yongzheng ascended the throne, Lei Jinyu, who is over 60 years old, was called as the head of the Yuanmingyuan style house and presided over the construction of Yuanmingyuan

.

After Lei Jinyu died, Zhang did not move south with his family, but left the capital alone with his three-month-old son Lei shengshu

.

The second generation of Lei Jinyu was especially favored by Kangxi because of its outstanding skills

.

In the Old Summer Palace, there were only some small repairs and structures in the Old Summer Palace, Kyushu Qing banquet, SHANGXIA Tianguang, Siyi bookstore, tongparadise and so on; After the British and French allied forces burned the Old Summer Palace in the tenth year of Xianfeng (1860), the style house stopped working, and Lei Jingxiu had little use for it

.

In the 22nd year of Kangxi (1683), Lei fanfa and his cousin Lei Faxuan went to Beijing to serve for the imperial court as southern craftsmen

.

The Qing government had internal and external troubles, the national power declined, and was unable to plan and build new gardens

.

The six wives Zhang and his son strive to continue the position of Lei family style house

.

According to historical records, the hall of Supreme Harmony was rebuilt twice, but the first time occurred in the eighth year of Kangxi (1669), when Lei’s family still came to Beijing, and the second time occurred in the 34th year of Kangxi (1695), two years after Lei Fazhan’s death

.

Tags:

Related Post

Notice on the 10th Training and Level Examination of Professional and Technical Personnel for Construction Industrialization ApplicationNotice on the 10th Training and Level Examination of Professional and Technical Personnel for Construction Industrialization Application

Shuttering Clamps Deepen the reform of the construction employment system, improve the skill level evaluation system for construction industry employees, and promote the integration and connection of academic certificates and