Read the characteristics of architecture in the Tang Dynasty

The big bucket arch is the most basic feature of wooden architecture in the Tang Dynasty.

In the Sui and Tang dynasties, not only the overall urban planning was strengthened.

The architectural components, including the arches, columns, and beams, all reflect the perfect combination of strength and beauty.

They are skilled in professional skills and are specialized in the design and on-site command of public and private houses, and make a living.

The arches of Guangren King Temple 2.

4、 The improvement of design and construction level in the Sui and Tang dynasties of the Nanchan Temple, the large buildings no longer rely on the method of ramming earth high platform and outsourcing small space wooden buildings as in the Han Dynasty.

The roof beam 4 and roof tiles of the main hall of the Nanchan Temple are cyan black.

The eaves of wooden buildings in the Tang Dynasty are high and upturned, and the eaves are usually divided into two floors.

The architectural style of the Tang Dynasty is characterized by grandeur, integrity and openness.

The owl in the wooden architecture of the Tang Dynasty is generally in the shape of the beak or tail of the owl.

The grandeur and breadth of other buildings, such as government offices and government offices, were also unparalleled by any feudal dynasty.

Generally, houses are constructed according to the drawing after drawing on the wall.

The left and right sides of the main hall or the wing of the main hall form a courtyard.

There are three kinds of tiles in the Tang Dynasty: grey tile, black tile and glazed tile.

In general, the architecture of the Tang Dynasty can be summarized into the following six points.

One or two groups of vertical courtyards are built around the central main courtyard, and the intersection between the groups is used to solve traffic and fire problems.

The bucket arch is huge.

After the house is completed, his name should be recorded on the beam (see Liu Zongyuan’s biography of Ziren).

Daming Palace, the imperial palace in Chang’an City, is extremely magnificent.

The grey tile is loose and used for general buildings.

Its site area is more than three times the total area of the Forbidden City of the Ming and Qing Dynasties.

At first glance, the wooden architecture of the Tang Dynasty gave people the impression of simple structure, simplicity and grandeur.

There are also pavilions and secondary halls at the corners and on both sides of the courtyard, and there is a horizontally expanded architectural group.

The architecture of the Tang Dynasty was grand in scale, magnificent, handsome in shape, neat but not rigid, gorgeous but not delicate, stretching but not publicized, simple but full of vitality, which was the perfect embodiment of the spirit of the times at that time..

Simple and rough chicks.

The technical personnel who master the design and construction are called “Duliao”.


At that time, most of the pagodas were built of brick and stone, and the existing Tang pagodas in China, including the Big Wild Goose Pagoda in Xi’an, the Little Wild Goose Pagoda and the Qianxun Pagoda in Dali, were all brick and stone pagodas.

The roof of Tiantai Nunnery is high.

Its tone is simple and bright, the roof is stretched and flat, the doors and windows are plain, giving the impression of solemnity and generosity, which is not easy to find in the architecture of the Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties.

The East Hall of Nara Falong Monastery, the East Hall of Nara Falong Monastery, part of the East Hall of Nara Falong Monastery, is now the most standard wooden structure in the Tang Dynasty that you can see.

2、 The architectural group treatment is becoming more mature.

The architectural group in the Tang Dynasty is characterized by distinct priorities, staggered height, and complex combination of large corridors and courtyards.

The Tang Dynasty (618-907 AD) was the climax of the economic and cultural development of China’s feudal society, and the architectural technology and art also had great development.

The black tile has a compact texture and smooth surface after polishing.

It is mostly used in palaces and temples.

Elephant Foot Ferrule

Third, wooden buildings have solved the technical problems of large area and large volume, and the standardized wooden buildings in the Tang Dynasty have achieved the unity of artistic processing and structural modeling.

Buildings such as palaces and mausoleums also strengthen the spatial combination of the main buildings and emphasize the foil technique in the longitudinal direction.

The architecture of this period has an impact not only on the later development of Chinese architecture, but also on the formation of architectural styles in Japan, South Korea and other Southeast Asian countries.

Japanese Tang style buildings 5.

Chang’an, the capital city of the Tang Dynasty, was originally planned and built in the Sui Dynasty, covering an area of 83 square kilometers, which is 8 times the size of the current urban area of Xi’an (Xi’an City of the Ming Dynasty).

5、 Brick and stone architecture has further developed, while the wooden architecture of the Tang Dynasty of the Big Wild Goose Pagoda in Xi’an has reached its peak, the promotion of brick and stone architecture has also further developed.

6、 The authenticity and maturity of architectural art processing The architecture of the Tang Dynasty developed into a mature period and formed a complete architectural system.

Because of the big bucket arch, the eaves look more far-reaching.

Chang’an was the largest city in the world at that time, and its planning was also the most rigorous among ancient Chinese capitals.

Single tone.

1、 The scale of the buildings in the central plains of the Tang Dynasty is large and the planning is strict.

The overall planning of the Chinese architectural complex is becoming more and more mature during this period.

The columns are thick.

The columns of the wooden buildings in the Tang Dynasty are relatively thick, and the bottom is thick and the top is thin, which reflects the aesthetic orientation of the people in the Tang Dynasty that fat is the beauty.

The wood architecture of the Tang Dynasty contains no more than two colors, which are generally red and white or black and white.

The owl is a kind of decoration at both ends of the roof ridge of the house.

The forms and materials of various components, especially the bucket arch, have been standardized, which reflects the progress of construction management level, accelerates the construction speed, and also promotes the architectural design.

This method is exactly the origin of the layout of palaces and tombs in the Ming and Qing dynasties.

Its modeling features mainly include: 1.


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