[memory] architecture can be read: the garden of Songjiang has a long view of green mountains and waters, and a considerable history and culture


Fangta Garden Songjiang District, where Fangta Garden is located, was established as a county in the Tang Dynasty and was promoted as a mansion in the Yuan Dynasty

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For thousands of years, in the south of Songjiang residence, Songjiang has become the most prosperous downtown center since the Tang and Song dynasties

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This is where Fangta Garden is now

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Fangta Garden is a successful example of integrating traditional gardening techniques into modern gardens

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Both the overall planning and individual buildings show high aesthetic value

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“Shanghai open air museum” square tower garden is located at 235 Zhongshan East Road, Songjiang District, covering an area of 182 mu

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It is a garden with historical and cultural relics as the main body

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The park is known as “Shanghai open-air museum” for its numerous historical buildings in song, yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties

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The whole landscape is centered on xingshengjiao Temple Pagoda (commonly known as “Fangta”, a national key cultural relic protection unit)

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Songjiang Fangta Garden, a municipal cultural relic protection unit, is composed of several district level cultural relic protection units, such as brick wall, wangxianqiao, lanruitang, chenhuacheng temple, Tianfei palace, etc

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The park also has its Changlang, hehaoxuan, qiushengting, dujinlin, Wulaofeng, meimeifeng, tiedifang, gukendao, yangdexuan and other landscapes

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Within the garden, the lake is winding, the tower is shining, the bamboo forest is elegant, the ancient trees are tall and straight, and the flowers and trees are luxuriant

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The whole garden is elegant, simple, quiet and clean, with the charm of Tang and Song Dynasties and the modern garden atmosphere

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In 1978, Songjiang Fangta Garden began to be built

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In the face of the vast wasteland and the isolated song tower and Ming Dynasty screen wall, the designers put forward the concept of “new from the ancient”

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On the basis of studying Chinese traditional culture and garden art, they went beyond the tradition and boldly adopted steel structure, bamboo structure and brick structure

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They integrated the charm of western modern garden into the characteristics of Chinese traditional garden, showing a kind of super traditional concept

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The song pagoda, Mingbi, Qingdian and ancient trees are built according to their original conditions to form a space of rise and fall, complexity and size, which further sets off the image of cultural relics

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The lake is dug on the spot, the soil is taken to build a mountain, and a 2-meter-high earth mound is built along the wall

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Tall trees such as Cinnamomum camphora and Liquidambar formosana are planted on the mound, which not only covers the buildings outside the garden, but also forms a beautiful canopy line These exquisite designs make Fangta Garden an outstanding garden architecture

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In 1999, “the 20th Congress of IAA contemporary Chinese architectural art exhibition”, Fangta Garden was the only garden work among 55 excellent design works selected

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Fangta Garden won the title of “Shanghai Five Star Park” in 2006 and was rated as national AAAA scenic spot in 2007

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In recent years, with the increasing number of visitors, the scenic spots of Fangta Garden also need to be repaired and maintained in time

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Taking the square tower as an example, such problems as the natural aging and artificial damage of the power lines inside the tower, the peeling off of the outer wall inside the tower and so on, all have an impact on the safety of tourists and cultural relics

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In 2002 and 2007, the cultural relics protection department of the district took the lead in painting and repairing the pagoda twice

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In the process of maintenance, the cultural relic department, from the perspective of protection, excavates the historical information carried by the ancient buildings, and implements the protection project according to the principles of minimum intervention, unchanged original state, identifiability and reversibility, which can not only achieve the purpose of cultural relic protection, but also provide a good foundation for the follow-up work

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Located in the center of Fangta Garden, xingshengjiao pagoda, a slender and beautiful ancient pagoda, was built more than 900 years ago in the Northern Song Dynasty (1068-1093)

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It was named after xingshengjiao temple

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The pagoda is made of bricks from the Tang Dynasty, so it is commonly known as the “square pagoda”

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When you climb on it, you can have a panoramic view of the ancient city of Songjiang

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Brick carved wall – Shanghai’s oldest existing screen wall – brick carved wall beside the square tower, built in the Ming Dynasty (1370), formerly the screen wall in front of the Town God’s Temple gate of Songjiang County, has a history of more than 650 years

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It is one of the oldest, most beautiful and well preserved brick art art treasures in Shanghai

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The carving content is very rich, the picture design is vivid, the carving art is exquisite, the three-dimensional sense is strong, from the picture idea, the structure layout to the brick making technology, the carving art, all reflected the ancient Songjiang magnificent artistic level

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Lanruitang, a “one beam and four columns” made of Phoebe, is located on the west side of its Changlang in the garden

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It is built in the Ming Dynasty with simple style

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It was originally located at the east end of baojiaqiao, Zhongshan West Road

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The hall is five rooms wide and seven frames deep

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It is a flat hall

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The hall has a special feature: “one beam and four columns” is called “golden Phoebe”, so the folk also call this hall “Phoebe hall”

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In 1984, lanruitang was relocated to Fangta Garden

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Chen Huacheng temple – destroyed in the war in the late Qing Dynasty and rebuilt later – Chen Huacheng temple is a special temple in memory of the national hero Chen Huacheng

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At the end of 1999, the ancestral hall was relocated to the square tower garden in Shanghai, and completed in June 2000

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Chen Huacheng ancestral hall has two existing halls

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The hall has three rooms and seven beams

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Under the eaves, there is a bucket arch

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Between the bucket arches, there is a cushion arch board with flower patterns

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Tianfei Palace – the grand hall is beautiful and magnificent – Shanghai Tianfei palace was built in the Qing Dynasty (1884)

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It was originally the main hall of Tianfei Palace at beitu, Henan Road and bridge, Shanghai

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In 1980, it was moved to Fangta Garden, named Tianfei palace

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Tianfei palace is located in the northeast corner of the square in the center of Fangta Garden

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The Grand Palace is beautiful with flying eaves and wings

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From the exquisite and towering square tower, to the majestic and upright screen wall, from the magnificent Tianfei palace, to the solemn and solemn Chen Gong temple, from the Wangxian bridge “riding the crane” to the heavy and elegant Lanrui hall, every scene of the square tower garden is unforgettable and indefatigable

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Ticket: 12 yuan opening hours: 5:30-17:30 (may September) 6:00-17:00 (October April) address: the first floor of Yunjian, a clock out point around No.235 Zhongshan East Road, Songjiang District, was built in Song Dynasty

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It was the qiaolou of Songjiang government office, and now it is the gate of Songjiang No.2 Middle School

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It was rated as one of the top ten campus scenic spots in Shanghai in 2007

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Songjiang museum is a comprehensive geological museum with rich collection of cultural relics, totaling more than 5000 pieces

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It mainly collects, collects, studies, displays and publicizes the history and culture of Songjiang area

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Venue address: 233 Zhongshan East Road, Songjiang District opening hours: 9:00-16:00; closed on Monday (except legal holidays) admission information: free open Yunjian granary, a cultural and creative park transformed from grain warehouses and factories from 1950s to 1990s, with 68 buildings, including beer museum, Yunjian Art Museum, academician Art Museum of Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Sciences, artist studio, Yunjian half acre field, etc Special venues.

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