Only the sky above Beijing in late autumn is wide and blue.
After the left gate and the right gate of Chang’an on both sides of Tiananmen Gate have been demolished one after another, the city towers and archways have become the next targets.
The leader’s reply was meaningful: the sunset is infinitely good, but it is only near dusk.
The former residence of No.
From 1931 to 1937, he and his family spent the most stable and happy six years here.
Complex new buildings have sprung up in Chang’an Street and dongjiaomin Lane playground.
The destruction and destruction of the ruins of Beijing’s city wall continue.
Liang Sicheng’s elegance and kindness and Lin Huiyin’s intelligence and agility made courtyard 24 a famous cultural salon in Beijing.
When Beijing is facing transformation, he stood up again In order to preserve its elegant old city style and numerous historic buildings, Liang Sicheng ran around and exhausted his efforts.
It is the longest existing city wall site.
In 2000, Beijing proposed During the reconstruction of dilapidated houses, a large area of hutongs and quadrangles were razed to the ground.
The archways with flying eaves and painted houses are beautiful decorations for the streets.
On his way back from Sichuan after the victory of the war of resistance against Japan, he thought: when he returned to Peiping, he’d better be the director of public works and eliminate all traces left by the Japanese invaders on the appearance of Peiping.
It can be said that Beijing is the mother of Liang Sicheng, an architect, and also his life stage.
24 is nowhere to be found Several old people in the chat pointed to the wall: the former residence of Liang Sicheng, No.
8, xinlinyuan, Tsinghua garden.
The mayor of Beijing told Liang Sicheng that leaders hope to start from Tian’an Looking from the door, there is a chimney below.
In January 1949, when Peiping was liberated, the Metropolitan Planning Committee was established, and Liang Sicheng was the deputy director in charge of the planning and construction of the ancient city.
“This year marks the 120th anniversary of the birth of Liang Sicheng, a master architect.
The news came out and there was an uproar.
In 2009, courtyard 24 of beizongbu Hutong was demolished.
In March 1945, Liang Sicheng wrote to Mei Yiqi, President of Tsinghua University, suggesting that Tsinghua establish a department of architecture to cultivate talents for post-war reconstruction.
For example, the famous landscape jin’ao Yulong bridge across the middle sea and the North Sea, Liang Sicheng designed to build another new bridge on its south side, which will be used as the upper and lower lines respectively with the old bridge to ease the traffic.
In their spare time, they met Xu Zhimo, Shen Congwen and Jin in the beautiful courtyard of their home Yue Lin, Fei Zhengqing and other cultural friends gathered to talk freely.
However, this did not change the fate of the demolition of the Jinao and Yuxiang archways.
In order to protect the Ming city wall, which has a history of more than 500 years, Liang Sicheng wrote a discussion on the preservation and Abolition of the city wall in Beijing, striving for the “majestic and magnificent spirit” of the city wall, “It is not only our national treasure, but also the cultural relics of mankind in the world.” he suggested planting flowers and trees on the 39.75 km long wall to build a “three-dimensional park around the city” that is “unique in the world” As for the traffic problem, we can solve it by opening the city gate at an appropriate place.
His ties with the city deeply influenced him After leaving Guomen subway station, we pass Gongyuan East Street, cross dongzongbu Hutong, and turn north into beizongbu Hutong.
Historic sites belong to history.
When the former Jinao Yuxiang bridge and the two archways of the imperial temple were about to be demolished, Liang Sicheng particularly regretted.
Liang Congjie, the husband and wife’s son, was also born here.
The two people with the same views cooperated to complete the proposal on the location of the administrative center of the Central People’s government, namely the famous “Liang Chen scheme” In the plan, Liang Sicheng and Chen Zhanxiang proposed to build a new administrative center in the capital between the moon altar and the princess tomb, about 1.5km west of the old city, and concentrate the offices of state organs and units in this area.
Liang Sicheng engaged in his beloved ancient architecture research in the construction society not far away.
The wall bricks are uneven and the grass grows on it Like a silent old man after a disaster.
His wife Lin Huiyin often went out to investigate with him.
The violent urban transformation movement lasted for half a century.
Because the old city of Beijing has a dense population and buildings, if forced to squeeze into the new administrative center in the old city, it is bound to cause traffic and residential congestion and damage the overall situation of the old city After many years of drafting the Liang Chen plan, when Beijing was plagued by traffic congestion and environmental degradation and had to expand outward like a “pie”, many people missed the “Liang Chen plan” and praised its scientificity and foresight.
Mei Yiqi soon agreed and appointed Liang Sicheng as the head of the Department.
Later, he met Chen Zhanxiang, an architect who studied urban planning in Britain.
Only A few years ago, he was full of idealistic expectations for the future.
She told the media: my father wanted to preserve the city of Beijing, not the house she had lived in.
However, Liang Zabing, the daughter of Liang Si’s growth, was very indifferent.
This is a north-south alley.
After returning to Peiping from the south, Liang Sicheng and his family lived in No.
Liang Sicheng’s plea for Beijing City Wall Park was ignored.
Liang Sicheng made a speech and went up Books, published articles, argued with the “demolition faction”, trying to protect these treasures.
The wall demolition faction believes that the city wall hinders traffic and is a relic of feudal emperors, which should be demolished.
After walking, we arrive at No.
This ancient capital is his hometown where he has lived since he was a teenager, and it is also his first stop to start the study of architectural history.
However, at that time, scientificity may not be the primary consideration of decision makers.
In the 1950s, when Beijing’s historic buildings were facing the fate of demolition, Liang Sicheng ran around to protect them.
His life is closely connected with Beijing.
This is the feelings of his family and country Liang Sicheng, a strong man, was most eager to join the cause.
22, there is a long fence.
At the age of more than half a hundred, he painted all night and finally completed the picture.
On the “demolition faction” Liang Sicheng has a rigorous thinking and Countermeasures for the traffic problems repeatedly emphasized.
Protecting Beijing has become the most important battle in Liang Sicheng’s life, and has deeply affected the fate of people and the city.
At the end of 1948, the people’s Liberation Army came to Peiping city Liang Sicheng was worried that many historic sites in the city might be destroyed by war..
There are dozens of city towers in the old city of Beijing, standing on the city wall, surrounded by white birds, towering and magnificent.
In his opinion, “The ancient archways in Beijing belong to these two, with the best structural form and the most exquisite carving.” Anxious, he wrote a letter to the leader describing the beauty of the archways, especially their solemnity and poetry in the afterglow of the sunset.
The “Liang Chen plan” was accused of “trying to deny” The central axis is the political center that people all over the country yearn for.
Bungalows and low-rise buildings live together and are crowded by high-rise buildings around.
24? It’s here.
24, North Zongbu Hutong.
Since 1952, the outer city walls of Beijing have been demolished one after another.
Today, there are only two sections of the city wall in Beijing, one of which is 1.5km long from Chongwenmen gate to the southeast corner tower.
Liang Sicheng was surprised by the decision to demolish historic buildings.
At the first two meetings of the Urban Planning Commission, Liang Sicheng made it clear that the new administrative center should be built in the western suburbs of Beijing to protect the environment Protecting the style and features of the old city centered on the central axis also gave sufficient development space to the new urban area.
Liang Sicheng, the eldest son of the famous thinker Liang Qichao, an architect and a pioneer in the study of Chinese ancient architecture.
Different from Liang Sicheng’s idea of building Beijing into a political and cultural center with beautiful environment, with strong enthusiasm for socialist construction, policy makers want to turn Beijing into an industrial city.
In the end, the “Liang Chen plan” was not chosen Instead, it was the plan formulated by Soviet experts for Beijing: to build an administrative center in the old city.
The two archways of jin’ao and Yulong on both sides of the bridge will be moved to the open space between the new and old bridges to become the lines of the landscape design drawing After the painting was finished, Liang Sicheng personally rendered and colored it.
In the years of frequent war, he insisted on investigating hundreds of counties and cities and thousands of ancient buildings, and wrote the first book on the systematic study and arrangement of Chinese architectural art – the history of Chinese architecture Fig | Liang Sicheng once lived at No.
Under the sunset, the city towers and archways disappear one by one.