How did Feng Shui aesthetics become the finishing touch in ancient architecture?


Generally speaking, artificial ponds are generally built The design of artificial diversion canal for water diversion and drainage is also extremely scientific and reasonable.

For example, in ancient houses, the location of the central hall house, the side house and the attic Pavilion follow certain rules.

The halls and rooms in the palace city follow the Feng Shui characteristics of “founder balance”.

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The symmetry of the left and right and the center of the main gate also make the whole palace city appear stable and stable.

This is the pattern of “Wenbi peak” in Feng Shui, implying the prosperity of local cultural transportation.

In order to suppress the prosperity of the Yuan Dynasty, the original Yanchun Pavilion of the yuan palace was first covered with earth and piled up a coal mountain, which is now Jingshan Park.

  The origin of Feng Shui in ancient religious architecture in many ancient buildings, there are generally many Feng Shui layouts and rules.

After viewing, tourists are amazed at the beauty of the site selection and design of these ancient religious buildings – the beautiful scenery surrounded by high mountains, flowing water and clouds makes people seem to have really entered the fairyland on earth.

First of all, taking the Taoist temple architecture of Taoism as an example, it is not difficult to find that in terms of site selection, the construction site of Taoist temple must be inseparable from the key factors of Feng Shui, such as mountain, water and peak.

In ancient architecture, following these unique rules is actually the expression of following the natural law, which is not all what we once thought of as “feudal superstition” In fact, there is a certain scientific truth.

Let’s look at the Feng Shui layout and design of ancient houses, in fact, there are also considerations for the needs of human life.

In addition, a moat has been artificially excavated, which also cleverly creates the Feng Shui pattern of the Forbidden City with mountains and water behind it.

Tiananmen Square is an extremely open Mingtang, showing a momentum of “embracing all rivers and accommodating all”.

The art of Feng Shui coincides with the natural principle of Feng Shui In the final analysis, the art of door is actually a set of special rules with a certain mystery explored by ancient ancestors according to the natural operation law of the universe.

The labor productivity of the ancient people can not be compared with that of us in the modern machinery industry.

Most temples such as Shaolin Temple and Putuo temple also follow the Feng Shui thought of “the unity of heaven and man” and the symbiosis between man and nature.

Secondly, to cultivate the view and seek the Tao on the top of the mountain can get close to heaven and perceive the will of heaven.

This unique design also makes the whole palace city a symbol of royal majesty and dignity in the eyes of the people, showing the royal style.

The construction of ancient buildings, whether religious buildings full of mystery or simple folk houses, are inseparable from the embellishment of Feng Shui aesthetics.

Click to enter 👉 Meimingzhai National Museum   In the design and construction of ancient architecture, the art of Feng Shui is widely used, and the combination of Feng Shui and architectural design aesthetics has created a large number of beautiful and elegant ancient architectural models.

Even the ancient ordinary folk architecture can not be separated from the embellishment of Feng Shui.

Because the terrain of most mountains and rivers at the top will be slightly flat, which is also a deficiency in the United States.

Most ancient villages are located in the open area between mountains and forests, and most ancient villages should have a unique “Back Mountain”.

Feng Shui is the highlight of traditional secular ancient architecture.

The site selection of religious buildings that pay most attention to Feng Shui is an extremely scientific and exquisite choice.

The Forbidden City, as a masterpiece integrating Feng Shui, architecture and aesthetics in ancient architecture, is true.

In addition, let’s look at the design of the Royal Palace, such as a Fang, Weiyang, or in the Qin and Han Dynasties The Forbidden City in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, observing its geographical location, is actually inseparable from the city’s “central axis” and “central point”..

The most characteristic of Feng Shui is religious architecture.

First of all, from the site selection of ancient buildings, “close to the mountain and near the water” and “back to the mountain and around the water” In fact, it is in line with the way of life in ancient times.

Cultivating Longmu between mountains and rivers and self-reliance and self-improvement are also in line with the pursuit of “heaven is healthy, and gentlemen strive for self-improvement” in the book of changes.

At the same time, people will suddenly feel spacious and bright when they step into the door of the house, which is in line with the design characteristics of architectural Feng Shui aesthetics.

Moreover, the layout of Buddhist ancient buildings is extremely rigorous: the location of the main hall, side hall and Sutra pavilion has fixed rules, and the overall bias is square and prudent.

Similarly, the application of Feng Shui aesthetics in palace and royal architecture adds a sense of mystery and elegance to the Royal noble and luxurious temperament.

Every hot night, people can sit in it and enjoy the cool in the summer.

Today, the Forbidden City has become one of the symbols of China’s long history, and the role of Feng Shui aesthetics is self-evident.

The coal mountain also happens to be the commanding height of Beijing, which is also located on the central axis of the city.

Facing the water behind the mountain and standing on the top of the mountain, most of these Taoist temples half hidden in the clouds have now become famous scenic spots and tourist attractions.

Most common folk houses also follow Feng Shui.

On the back mountain, we often find the design of pavilions and towers on the top of the mountain.

Choosing to build pavilions and towers just makes up for this small defect; In addition, for villages with “Wenbi peak”, an artificial pool, also known as “inkstone pool”, must be built in the open space facing the “Wenbi peak” in front of the village This is also the essence of Feng Shui aesthetics in ancient architecture.

People have to praise its exquisite and meticulous design.

If we choose to build in a place with mountains and water, Feng Shui consideration should be only one part of it, and the other part is believed to be an extremely key and important part of the requirements for water intake and hunting.

From the front hall to the back hall, the perfect fit between the eight trigrams Tai Chi diagram and the central axis is the unique eye pen of Feng Shui aesthetics.

It can gather the aura of heaven and earth both during the day and at night.

Ordinary folk houses in ancient times generally had “patios” From the perspective of Feng Shui, this design not only plays the role of “adopting vitality”, but also improves the overall aesthetics of the building; from the perspective of architecture, the “patio” design is actually a multifunctional design factor integrating daylighting, Yang, water collection, ventilation and fire control.

Beijing was the capital of the Ming Dynasty.

Such a design not only coincides with Feng Shui, but also conforms to the appreciation characteristics of human architectural aesthetics.

The site selection of religious buildings is generally located in deep mountains and dense forests, with fresh air and sparse population, which is in line with the natural perfection pursued by monastics; at the same time , ancient monastics emphasized the “unity of heaven and man”.

From the perspective of Feng Shui aesthetics, the “patio” The world is connected to the earth.

The famous mountains and rivers correspond to the geomantic treasure land such as dragon vein, which we often hear, and the water source is the symbol of vitality and the origin of all things.

Many famous Taoist temples in ancient times are in line with such site selection characteristics: for example, the yuxu palace and golden hall of Wudang Mountain, the holy land of Taoism in ancient China, and the Zhengyi temple on Longhu Mountain, where the ancestral Pavilion of Taoism in ancient China is located.

After all, human survival is inseparable Secondly, the “Feng Shui Pavilion” and “Feng Shui pool” used in Feng Shui aesthetics The design is also very in line with the production and labor habits of the ancient people: the pavilion built in the mountains is not only for Feng Shui and aesthetic elements, but also plays a key role in providing shade, summer vacation and rest for people who work or harvest in the mountains; in fact, the construction of artificial ponds is also to facilitate people’s requirements for water intake.

The same is true of Buddhist buildings similar to Taoist buildings.

Entering these Taoist temples and Zen temples, the unique religious layout and Feng Shui pattern reveal its unique Feng Shui aesthetic characteristics, making people feel its unique romantic mysticism.

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