The “outer Dynasty” centers on the three main halls of Taihe hall, Zhonghe hall and Baohe hall.
It is a place for the emperor and his Empress to live and relax.
The plane of yangxingzhai is in a “concave” shape, which is complementary to the snowfall Pavilion in a “convex” shape.
The main buildings of the Forbidden City are arranged on the central axis in turn, and the secondary buildings are orderly arranged on both sides of the central axis.
After showing it, it is also (not too much or less) in line with frugality, which is called “harmony”.
The layout of the as like as two peas before the gate of Taihe gate and the front gate of the stone hall and the bronze lion lion’s gate in front of Taihe gate are symmetrical, but symmetry is not exactly the same in the relative position.
The Beijing Forbidden City is a royal palace of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, formerly known as the Forbidden City.
Our predecessors do not want us to be good people and make do with everything, but hope that we can be conscious and wise people and follow the laws of heaven, so that we can get real happiness and happiness.
The “inner court” is also called “back bedroom”.
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In the final homework of the elective course, the students showed their strengths and outlined the Forbidden City in their hearts through different angles and ideas, or interpretation, discussion, or lyricism.
The white marble stone carvings in front of Taihe gate are symmetrical from east to west; The turquoise “Bronze Lion” is separated on both sides, one male and one female.
Bells and drums are placed in the open corridors on both sides of the Meridian Gate.
Xunzi said, “harmony means one, and one means many forces.” Harmony has power..
“Harmony but differences” is actually what we often call “seeking common ground while reserving differences”.
Later, Confucius proposed that “gentlemen are harmonious but different, and villains are the same but not the same”.
Above Yangxing zhaijiang xuexuan are some symmetrical buildings that I paid attention to when visiting the Forbidden City.
The female lion on the west side comforts the young lion with her left foot, symbolizing the continuous prosperity of the Royal descendants.
According to its layout and function, the architecture of the Forbidden City is divided into “outer court” and “inner court”.
The definition of “the golden mean” in the golden mean, the central axis of the Forbidden City: “the absence of happiness, anger, sorrow and joy is called the middle; the middle is the middle section, which is called the sum; the middle is the foundation of the world; and the harmony is the way of the world.” It means that when people’s inner emotions such as happiness, anger, sadness and happiness are not shown (too much or less), it is called “medium”.
A magnificent beauty of harmony and unity arises spontaneously with the sight, which makes people feel awed, This is the true meaning of China’s “people-oriented” central axis.
Taking the Forbidden City as an example, walking along its axis, all the buildings passing by, such as Meridian Gate, Taihe hall, Zhonghe hall, Baohe hall and Qianqing palace, take the form of left-right symmetry, stretched wings and progressive layers.
On the square in front of the Meridian Gate, the “sundial” symbolizing power occupies the right (West) and “Jialiang” occupies the left (East).
“Those who are also in harmony are the foundation of the world; those who are also in harmony are the Tao of the world.
We should not seek uniformity and complete consistency, but integrate and tolerate “differences”, so as to achieve a harmonious state.
Centered on Qianqing palace, Jiaotai palace and Kunning palace, there are six palaces and courtyards on their East and west sides, which are called “three palaces and six courtyards”.
The state in which the heart is not affected by any emotion and remains calm, peaceful and peaceful is the true face (Foundation) of everything in the world.
“Sundial” and “Jialiang” are displayed on the platform outside the Taihe hall, symbolizing the Royal control of time and space.
“The golden mean” of course, the golden mean is not “harmony”, not “wall grass, two sides”, and the predecessors who summed up the “supreme reason” of the golden mean are not “peacemakers”.
“Yangxing Zhai” in the southwest corner of royal garden is different from “jiangxue Xuan” in the southeast corner.
Han Baode proposed that the symmetrical layout of the central axis of Chinese architecture not only originates from the people-oriented symmetry in the plane shape, but also has a deeper significance, which can enable the observer to immerse himself in the symmetrical beauty of the building – from the perspective of spatial layout, the large-scale symmetry led by the central axis Balanced architecture is easy to form a visual impact, and create a solemn and serious space atmosphere, so that people can quickly resonate and feel at the spiritual level.
On the whole, they show a balanced and unchanged courtyard symmetrical distribution, which is the result of the “golden mean” and “balance” under the influence of Chinese Confucianism, and it is also an embodiment of China’s value of “harmony is precious”.
It is the place where the emperor exercises power and holds grand ceremonies.
Of course, there are many symmetrical buildings in the Forbidden City, from which I associate with the “golden mean” thought of Confucianism.
It is located in the center of the central axis of Beijing.
To achieve harmony, the position of the world and the education of all things.” This concept not only creates the important position of the central axis, but also determines that the buildings arranged along the central axis have the characteristics of balance, harmony, inclusiveness and unity.
Many elements with plane axisymmetric design can be seen in the area of Taihe gate and Taihe hall.
The central axis of Taihe Palace Square and the Forbidden City is also influenced by the “golden mean” of Confucian culture.
Next, let’s follow the students’ words and enter their world together! Speaking from the axisymmetric beauty of the Forbidden City, Liu Hejing is a freshman majoring in performance at the school of music of Capital Normal University.
From countries to countries and from individuals to individuals, we should allow different views and ideas to exist.
In the lecture on Chinese architectural culture, Mr.
The main gate of the Palace Museum is called the Meridian Gate, which is a “concave” architectural structure.
The male lion on the east side steps on the hydrangea, symbolizing the domination of the royal power.
It is the most brilliant truth in the world to always maintain a state of harmony and not be affected and controlled by emotions (self-control emotions, not let emotions get out of control, and let emotions change in a reasonable degree).
The roof, color paintings, beams and columns, door railings and ramps are neat and beautiful.
Editor’s note: this academic year, the students of Capital Normal University learned about the 600 year architectural history and cultural changes of the Forbidden City through the elective courses of the Palace Museum and the Forbidden City.